13 of the Best Cauliflower Varieties for the Home Veggie Garden

Growing cauliflower, Brassica oleracea var. Botrytis. comes with many challenges. But with close attention to temperature, moisture, drainage, and air circulation, there’s every reason to expect success with this cool-weather crop.

Cauliflower may be traced back to fifteenth-century Cyprus, where it began as a mutation of a type of wild cabbage. Through the centuries, this new-found vegetable began to adapt to the climates of the places in which its seeds were cultivated.

Europe and India are two locations where these “original” cauliflower varieties became a staple food.

White, green, and purple cauliflower heads on display.

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Today’s hybrids and cultivars are the result of cross-breeding and further genetic mutations that have produced qualities like new colors, smoother heads, higher nutrient contents, and increased disease resistance. Look for these characteristics when you choose varieties for the home garden.

Cauliflower grows in USDA Hardiness Zones 2 to 11 as either a half-hardy biennial or an annual. It’s rich in antioxidants, vitamin C, and fiber.

Close up of white head of cauliflower growing in the garden.

Today’s cultivars come in shades of white, purple, orange, and green. We’ve selected 13 we know you’re going to love. Here’s the lineup:

1. Attribute Hybrid

The Attribute Hybrid is an early variety that matures in 60 to 70 days. It has smooth, bright white heads that reach a diameter of approximately 7 inches. Its flavor is savory, with nutty/buttery undertones.

A closeup image of a head of Attribute Hybrid growing in a garden.

Attribute Hybrid

Topping out at about 24 inches, this type withstands light frost and some heat. The leaves curve well for self-blanching, which helps to naturally protecting the developing flower heads.

Where to Buy:

The Attribute Hybrid is available from Burpee. Choose from packets of 50 seeds, or a set of 6 plants in containers measuring 1.5 x 1.5 x 2.5 inches deep.

2. Cheddar Hybrid

The cheddar hybrid is an early orange variety that matures in about 60 to 70 days. It has smooth, uniform, 4- to 7-inch heads that contain nutritious beta-carotene and deepen in color when cooked. The flavor is mild and sweet.

Closeup of a head of Cheddar Hybrid Cauliflower.

Cheddar Hybrid

This variety may reach a height of 24 inches. No blanching is required to retain its vibrant color.

Where to Buy:

Find Cheddar Hybrid seeds at True Leaf Market in packages of 100.

3. Depurple Hybrid

Purple florets on white stems characterize the unique Depurple Hybrid. It matures in approximately 80 to 100 days, and it’s worth the wait.

Top-down view of a Depurple Hybrid Cauliflower chopped up in a white, porcelain bowl.

Depurple Hybrid

Dense, 6- to 7-inch heads contain antioxidant anthocyanins, with flavorful hints of butter and nuts. Some purple types turn green during cooking, but you may try adding vinegar or lemon juice to aid in color retention.

Expect a mature height of about 20 inches. No blanching is required to retain color during growth.

Where to Buy:

Depurple Hybrid seeds are available from Burpee in packages of 30. Or, you may buy a set of 6 plants in containers that measure 1.5 x 1.5 x 2.5 inches deep.

4. Early White Hybrid

For a robust and fast-growing option, consider Early White Hybrid. It may mature in as few as 52 days, and produces tight, pure white heads that measure up to 9 inches across.

A head of Early White Hybrid Cauliflower growing in a veggie garden.

Early White Hybrid

This variety exhibits more cold tolerance than average, and may reach 30 inches in height. Firmness and a classic mild cauliflower flavor characterize this winner.

Where to Buy:

Early White Hybrid seeds are available from Burpee in 100-count packages.

5. Fioretto 60

Here’s an early type that matures in 33 to 60 days, making it a good choice for spring. This is a “sprouting” variety, with 5- to 6-inch heads made up of loose white florets on long, light green stems. It resembles broccoli rabe.

Closeup image of the loose florets of the Fioretto 60 variety of cauliflower.

Fioretto 60

Plants top out at about 18 inches and are highly pest resistant. The flavor is somewhat nutty, and the texture holds its crunch well, remaining crunchy even after cooking. Blanching is recommended.

Where to Buy:

Fioretto 60 is available from Burpee. Choose from packets of 50 seeds, or a set of 6 plants in pots measuring 1.5 x 1.5 x 2.5 inches deep.

6. Fioretto 85

Like the variety above, Fioretto 85 has 5- to 6-inch heads of loose, white florets with light green stems. However, it requires 45 to 85 days to mature, making it a good choice for fall.

Closeup photo of the loose florets of the fall oriented Fioretto 85 variety of cauliflower.

Fioretto 85

It, too, tops out at about 18 inches, is highly pest resistant, and has a nutty flavor and crunchy texture. Blanching is recommended.

Where to Buy:

Fioretto 85 is available from Burpee in packets of 50 seeds, or sets of 6 plants in pots that measure 1.5 x 1.5 x 2.5 inches deep.

7. Flame Star Hybrid

Paler than cheddar types, Flame Star Hybrid is an early orange option that matures in approximately 55 to 60 days. Its heads are firm, with dense, smooth curds and a diameter of about 7 inches. This type exhibits better than average heat tolerance and reaches a height of about 14 inches.

A head of Flame Star Hybrid Cauliflower growing in a vegetable garden.

Flame Star Hybrid

Consider this compact type for container gardening and small plots. It has an exceptionally sweet flavor and requires no blanching.

Where to Buy:

Flame Star Hybrid plants and seed are available from Burpee in packets of 50 seeds, or sets of 6 plants in pots measuring 1.5 x 1.5 x 2.5 inches.

8. Graffiti Hybrid

This purple beauty matures in 70 to 80 days. The Graffiti Hybrid has a surprisingly bright purple dome of dense curds that reach about 6 to 7 inches across. It has better than average tolerance of humidity and fungal disease, and tops out at approximately 24 inches.

A head of Graffiti Hybrid Cauliflower on a white, isolated background.

Graffiti Hybrid

Antioxidant anthocyanins boost the nutrition of this colorful variety that has a mildly sweet flavor. No blanching is necessary.

Where to Buy:

Graffiti Hybrid seeds are available from True Leaf Market in packages of 100.

9. Self-Blanching Snowball

This heirloom white harks back to the “originals” in Europe. The Self-Blanching Snowball matures in 65 to 75 days, and its leaves protect developing heads ranging from approximately 6 to 8 inches across.

A head of Self-Blanching Snowball Cauliflower surrounded by large green leaves growing in a veggie patch.

Self-Blanching Snowball

This traditional variety reaches a height of up to 30 inches and has a mild flavor.

Where to Buy:

Self-Blanching Snowball seeds are available from Burpee in packages of 100 or 500.

10. Sicilian Violet

Another European “original,” Sicilian Violet is an Italian heirloom that matures in approximately 80 days. Its deep purple domed heads reach about 6 to 7 inches in diameter and are rich in antioxidant anthrocyanins.

Sicilian Violet

Insect resistant, this variety is tolerant of light frost and tops out at 18 to 24 inches. Its flavor is sweet, and its color may change to green during cooking. Blanching is not required.

Where to Buy:

Sicilian Violet seeds are available from Ohio Heirloom Seeds via Amazon in packages of 200.

11. Snowball Y Improved

An heirloom variety originally developed in France, the Snowball Y matures in about 70 to 80 days. Heads are smooth and compact, with pure white curds that reach a diameter of about 6 to 7 inches.

Snowball Y Improved cauliflower cut fresh from the garden, wrapped in its green leaves.

Snowball Y Improved

Plants top out at 24 to 30 inches, and abundant leaves generally provide for self-blanching. This type has a pleasantly mild flavor.

Where to Buy:

Snowball Y Organic seeds are available from Eden Brothers.

12. Veronica Romanesco Hybrid

The Veronica Romanesco Hybrid is a cross between cauliflower and broccoli that matures in about 85 days. Heads measure approximately 7 inches across, and consist of unusually pointy and visually interesting lime green whorls of curds that develop in a fractal pattern. Plants reach a height of 18 to 24 inches.

Heads of Veronica Romanesco Hybrid Cauliflower in a wicker basket.

Veronica Romanesco Hybrid

Sometimes called “broccoflower,” this unique vegetable has a mildly sweet, savory/nutty flavor. It has been bred for better than average resistance to fungal disease and heat, and blanching is not required.

Where to Buy:

Veronica Romanesco Hybrid seeds are available from True Leaf Market in packages of 100 or 1,000.

Read more about growing Romanesco here.

13. White Corona Hybrid

If you’re looking for a fast-growing traditional white cauliflower for a container or small plot, this one’s for you. The White Corona Hybrid matures in 30 to 33 days.

White Corona Hybrid Cauliflower surrounded by green cole leaves growing in the garden.

White Corona Hybrid

Its bright white heads measure 3 to 5 inches across at maturity.

Plants top out at a compact 12 to 14 inches and may tolerate a light frost. Blanching may be required.

Where to Buy:

The White Corona Hybrid is available from Burpee in packages of 100 seeds, or sets of six plants in pots measuring 1.5 x 1.5 x 2.5 inches deep.

Cool Weather Goodness

Have you chosen the varieties you want to order for this year’s vegetable garden? While you’re waiting for them to arrive, be sure to read our article on how to grow cauliflower. Cool temperatures, moisture, drainage, and air circulation are essentials to remember.

Orange, green, a purple cauliflower heads stacked in display case.

We also invite you to visit Foodal, our sister site, for delicious cauliflower recipes the whole family will love, like Vegetarian Cauliflower Enchiladas with Poblano Cream Sauce, and Grain-Free Cauliflower “Fried Rice” with Cashews and Coconut.

For information on growing additional cool-weather crops, please consult our articles on growing broccoli, kohlrabi, and kale.

Happy gardening!

Product photos via Ohio Heirloom Seeds, Burpee, Eden Brothers, and True Leaf Market. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock.

Photo of author


Nan Schiller is a writer with deep roots in the soil of southeastern Pennsylvania. Her background includes landscape and floral design, a BS in business from Villanova University, and a Certificate of Merit in floral design from Longwood Gardens. An advocate of organic gardening with native plants, she’s always got dirt under her nails and freckles on her nose. With wit and hopefully some wisdom, she shares what she’s learned and is always ready to dig into a new project!

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Abdullah Khan kakar
Abdullah Khan kakar (@guest_9478)
3 years ago

Dear Sir,

I need white head summer cauliflower which tolerate temperatures of 25 to 35 degrees. And how we can produce cauliflower seed? Please guide me.

D P PACHAURI (@guest_11298)
3 years ago

I want to grow Different types of vegetables like violet & yellow govi seeds in bulk quantities

Snow Lam
Snow Lam (@guest_24397)
1 year ago

Thank you for this informative post. My daughter loves eating the big head cauliflower I buy from the market. I decided to plant cauliflower and little did I know about the different varieties. The cauliflower I planted for my daughter mature with about 2 inches diameter. It has a purple tinge.

Clare Groom
Clare Groom(@clareg)
Reply to  Snow Lam
1 year ago

I’ve managed to retrieve your picture as it uploaded but failed to attach. Here it is.

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