Give the Gift of Fruit: How to Grow Peach Trees

Prunus persica

How many 10-year-old boys ask for a tree for their birthday? Ours did — he loved the fresh peaches from our neighbor’s tree so much, he wanted to be able to harvest the fruit from our own yard.

How could we not oblige? And while that boy is coming up on his 18th birthday and the now-20-foot tree towers over his relatively tall 6-foot, 2-inch frame, he still enjoys its fruit each summer.

In exchange for a home in our landscape, the sapling we planted has provided our family with bountiful crops almost every year (more on this in a minute), and we’ve enjoyed Reece cobbler, Reece pie, and Reece preserves — peach delights aplenty, all named for the boy who asked for a sapling as a birthday gift.

Close up of a batch of fresh and juicy peaches growing on the tree.

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Read on if you’d like to surprise your child with a peach tree (aka Prunus persica) for a special occasion!

Growing Requirements

Peaches will grow in zones 4 to 9, but do particularly well in zones 6 and 7. Varietal selection is particularly zone-dependant, and we’ll explore this more later in the article.

These plants are self-pollinating, so while you may want to grow an orchard so that each of your children has his or her own tree, you don’t need more than one to get fruit.

Learn to grow peach trees |

The peach is a deciduous tree native to northwest China, and was brought to Florida by Spanish explorers in the 16th century.

The tree’s delicate blossoms are heralded for their beauty and is similar to those produced by other close relatives (all in the Prunus genus), the fruiting cherries, flowering cherries, plums, nectarines, and almonds.

The 1/2- to 1-inch flowers bloom in various shades of orange, red, pink, and violet, and can be quite fragrant.

A bright pink flower blossoming from a peach tree |
Photo © Ralph Barrera.

And while Georgia — the Atlanta area in particular — fancies itself the peach capital of the universe, California actually produces more of the fruit annually.

Which Tree to Choose and Where to Buy

It’s important to select a variety that is known to do well in your area. Peach trees have very specific chilling requirements in order to break dormancy and begin flowering.

Each variety needs a certain number of chilling hours below a particular temperature. For example, ‘Bicentennial’ requires 750 hours under 45°F each winter in order to bloom, whereas ‘Gulfking’ needs only 350 hours under 45°F.

A peach tree blossoming bright pink flowers |

If you choose a cultivar that needs fewer hours of chilling than what commonly occurs in your area, your tree might start blooming during a January or February warm spell. And then a subsequent cold snap could kill all your blooms, meaning no peaches when harvest season rolls around.

Sometimes, even if you have the right cultivar for your area, a late frost kills your blossoms anyway. Sadly, this has happened to us a few times. No Reece cobbler those years.

Your best bet is to consult with your county extension agent to learn which varieties do well where you live.

If ‘Contender’ grows in your area, Brighter Blooms sells trees in three different sizes, available via Amazon.

Contender Peach Tree

Young saplings or more established trees will be 3-4 feet, 4-5 feet, or 5-6 feet tall and ready for spring planting. Check to make sure shipping is available in your area.

Or, if ‘O’Henry’ is more suitable, try this 5-gallon specimen from Burchell Nursery, also available on Amazon.

O’Henry Freestone Peach Tree

This variety needs 750 chilling hours, so it might be good for areas with moderate to pronounced winters.

Purchase a plant from a reputable nursery or online source. Select a healthy, mid-size specimen that has an established root system.

‘Frost’ and ‘Avalon Pride’ can withstand cold weather, as can ‘Harken,’ which is available from Nature Hills Nursery.

Harken Peach Trees |

Harken Peach Tree

The nursery will ship you a 4- to 5-foot bare root plant that is hardy in zones 5-8.

If you’d like a smaller variety that you can grow in a pot, look for ‘Pix-Zee’ or ‘Honey Babe,’ which grow to about 6 feet.

Find ‘Honey Babe’ at Nature Hills Nursery.

Sliced Honey Babe Peach |

Honey Babe Peach

You’ll receive a 2- to 3-foot bare root plant that will produce fruit in three to five years. We grow ‘Sam Houston,’ developed at Texas A&M University specifically for Texas landscapes, with low chill-hour requirements.

‘Donut’ also does well in southern climes, requiring 400-500 hours of chilling. Find a 4- to 5-foot bareroot ‘Donut’ plant at Nature Hills Nursery.

Feshly Picked Donut Peach |

Donut Peach Tree

Growing from Seed: It’s the Pits

While you can grow a fruit-bearing tree from a peach pit, it probably won’t be the exact same type of peach that you originally ate to get the pit. As the product of pollen and ovules from potentially different sources, peaches will not necessarily grow true from seed.

Pink peach blossoms |
Photo © Ralph Barrera.

Experiments in hybridization and creating new varieties can be fun, though this requires a lot of patience while you wait for the plant to mature.

Most commercially grown peach trees are grafted onto hardy and vigorous rootstock of related species, sometimes of dwarf varieties to contain the size of the new tree.

Where to Plant

If your child’s birthday is in October, give him an IOU until spring, because that’s when you’ll want to plant your sapling.

Choose a sunny spot with deep, well-drained soil with a pH of around 6.5. Sandy loam or clay loam is best.

Peaches ready to be picked |

Dig a hole that’s a few inches deeper and wider than the root ball. Gently loosen the root ball and set it on a small mound of soil at the bottom of the hole, centering it in the hole.

Carefully refill the hole with soil you removed, to the same depth of the container the plant came in. If you bury more of the trunk than what was buried when you bought the tree, the plant could die.

Thoroughly water the newly planted sapling (this is a good job for the birthday boy/girl!).

Pruned or Not, Bountiful Still

Scatter one cup of 10-10-10 fertilizer at least 18 inches away from the trunk of newly planted trees.

As the tree matures, feed it a 10-10-10 fertilizer twice a year — once in early spring and again in early summer, throughout its lifespan

A peach tree needs about 36 inches of water annually. If you get frequent summer soakings — every ten days or so — you may not have to do supplemental waterings.

If, on the other hand, you live in Austin, Texas, where it only rains once or twice during summer like we do, you’ll have to remind the birthday kid to bring out the hose.

Peaches growing at an orchard |

If you were paying attention above, you probably noticed that I said our peach tree was 20 feet tall. That’s because we didn’t prune it.

Many peach growers trim their trees to about 15 feet or less, producing a wider tree that makes it easier to reach the fruit.

This is perfectly logical and a good thing to do if you’re not too busy raising three young boys who take all your time at the expense of properly pruning your peach tree!

With our tall tree, we get out an 8-foot ladder to harvest the fruit we can reach, and let the squirrels and birds have the rest. It’s our form of giving back.

Another important aspect of growing peaches is the need — however difficult it is — to thin the fruit when they are 3/4 to 1 inch in diameter.

Pluck off excess fruit so that you are left with a fruit every 3 to 5 inches or more, depending on the variety.

You’re going to feel like you’re removing a lot and it might be a shame to do such a thing. But trust me, you want your tree to devote its energy to growing the best harvest possible, rather than spreading its resources inadequately among far too many little fruits.

Propagation Problems: Some Fungi, Some Bugs

Brown rot and peach leaf curl are problems caused by a fungus, and the best treatment is prevention.Be sure to remove all fruit at the end of the season (if the squirrels don’t do it for you). Clean up fallen fruit, leaves, and other potentially fungus-harboring materials from the ground around the tree.

A bountiful peach harvest |
Photo by Gretchen Heber.

Prune for good air circulation if dampness is an issue where you live.

Another preventative measure includes applying a fungicide in the fall after the leaves have fallen. You might try this one from Garden Safe, available via Amazon.

Garden Safe Fungicide, 24 Fl. Oz.

This 24-ounce bottle is ready to use. Depending on the size of your tree, you might need more than one bottle.

Insect pests that sometimes plague this stone fruit include aphids, lygus bugs, thrips, scale, tent caterpillars, and stink bugs.

Treat these with insecticidal soap, such as this one from Safer Brand, available via Amazon.

Safer Brand Insect Killing Soap, 16-Oz. Concentrate

This 6-ounce concentrated product will make up to 6 gallons. Learn more about proper pesticide application in our article about safe spraying.


It’s picking time! Peaches are ready to harvest when:

  • They are soft
  • There is no more green on the fruit
  • They come off easily with a slight twist

Use homegrown peaches for your next cobbler |

The fruits at the top and around the outside of the tree usually ripen first. Be careful as you remove the fruit, as it bruises easily.

We harvest our crop anywhere from late April to June, but timing will differ depending on your region and the cultivar you choose.

Recipe Ideas

The whole family — not just the birthday kid! — will enjoy treats whipped up with the gifts of your fruit tree. Though they’re great right off the tree, you’ll love these recipes as well.

Peaches & Cream(y) Burrata Toast

Let’s begin our peachy culinary tour with a tasty appetizer of cheese, prosciutto, and peaches.

Peach and Burrata Toast |
Photo © Hunger Thirst Play.

Just five ingredients come together for a sensational punch of flavor in this recipe from Hunger Thirst Play.

Fresh Peach Bellini

Not for the birthday kid, but perhaps nice for the parents to sip while the kids do the harvesting work, these refreshing drinks are sweetened with agave.

Two Fresh Peach Bellinis |
Photo © Wanderspice.

Get the recipe from our friends at Wanderspice.

Frozen Fruit Salad with Mint

This family-friendly salad also features agave, and is a good way to use surplus peaches that you’ve frozen for long-term storage.

Frozen Fruit Salas with Mint |
Photo © The Domestic Dietitian.

The easy-to-make recipe comes from The Domestic Dietitian.

Spicy Pork Tacos with Peach and Corn Salsa

Peaches can be an important component of savory dishes as well as sweet, as you’ll find in these tasty tacos made with a pico de gallo-like salsa that stars stone fruit.

Fresh parsley and mint are nice complements to the peaches.

Spicy Pork Tacos with Peach and Corn Salsa |
Photo by Kendall Vanderslice.

You’ll find the recipe at Foodal.

Baharat Black Eyed Peas with Broiled Peaches

This main dish includes baharat, a Middle Eastern spice mix that may include allspice, cloves, cumin, and nutmeg.

Baharat Black Eyed Peas with Broiled Peaches |
Photo © Kitchen Window Clovers

Get the recipe at Kitchen Window Clovers.

3-Ingredient Coconut Ice Cream with Spicy Grilled Peaches

And now, as a reward for your patience, dessert. Let’s start with ice cream, because why not?

Coconut Ice Cream with Spicy Grilled Peaches |
Photo © The Fitchen.

The peaches in this recipe from The Fitchen are seasoned with bit of cayenne for a surprising kick.

Martha’s Peach Cookies

Adapted from a recipe by the queen of all things home and hearth, Martha Stewart, these treats are part cookie and part pastry, and packed with peach flavor.

They’ll get a bit mushy if they sit for awhile, so it’s best to eat them right away… as if that were a chore, right?

Martha's Peach Cookies |
Photo by Mike Quinn.

Get the recipe from our sister site, Foodal.

(End of Summer) Peach Blackberry Galette

Two summer fruits top a flaky, buttery crust in this mouthwatering sweet treat that includes bourbon vanilla powder.

(End of Summer) Peach Blackberry Galette |
Photo © Sugar Love Spices.

Find the recipe from Sugar Love Spices.

Summer’s Golden Orbs

Last year we had so many peaches, we shared them with half the neighborhood. Perhaps one of the children who enjoyed one of our fruits will ask for a peach tree for her birthday, and the cycle will continue.

Blossoming peach tree |

Truly, the trickiest part of growing this plant is choosing the right cultivar. Get some help from local experts to select the perfect type for your area, make sure your tree gets sufficient water, and you’ll be swimming in peaches.

Have a family birthday coming up? Get a fruit tree and and enjoy the gift that never stops giving. Perhaps you already have a peach in your yard? Tell us about it in the comments section below.

If you’re hankering for another fruit tree, how about a fig? And if you’re looking for more ideas to get out in the garden with the kids, read this article to get started.

Photos by Gretchen Heber, Kendall Vanderslice, and Mike Quinn © Ask the Experts, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for more details. Photos by Ralph Barrera, Hunger Thirst Play, Wanderspice, The Domestic Dietitian, Kitchen Window Clovers, The Fitchen, and Sugar Love Spices reprinted with permission. Product photos via Brighter Blooms, Burchell Nursery, Nature Hills Nursery, Garden Safe and Safer Brand. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock.

About Gretchen Heber

A former garden editor for a daily newspaper in Austin, Texas, Gretchen Heber goes through entirely too many pruners and garden gloves in a year’s time. She’s never met a succulent she didn’t like and gets really irritated every 3-4 years when Austin actually has a freeze cold enough to kill them. To Gretchen, nothing is more rewarding than a quick dash to the garden to pluck herbs to season the evening meal. And it’s definitely time for a happy dance when she’s able to beat the squirrels to the peaches, figs, or loquats.

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Brynn at The Domestic Dietitian
Brynn at The Domestic Dietitian (@guest_1291)
3 years ago

I have always wanted to have a fruit bearing tree and now that we have a big enough space I would love to plant a peach tree! Plus all the dishes you shared sound amazing!

sunil sharma
sunil sharma (@guest_2034)
3 years ago

You have written in your article that it is a spring season suitable for planting. But after reading your article I am curious to plant peach trees. Can I not put the grafted tree in this season, or will I have to wait until the spring season?

Judy Williams
Judy Williams (@guest_4818)
2 years ago

Hi, I live in Southern NM, we have a semi-dwarf Elberta peach tree. I harvested most all the peaches a few days ago. I noticed the tree still has what looks like a second harvested of small green peaches the size of ping pong balls. Will they continue to grow and ripen?

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
Noble Member
Reply to  Judy Williams
2 years ago

Thanks for your question, Judy! First, a few questions for you: How old is your tree? Do you thin your peaches near the beginning of the season, and prune your trees to promote good airflow and sun exposure? Are the remaining fruits growing on the same branches as the ones already harvested, or located on a certain part of the tree (i.e. peaches that ripened first were on exterior branches, unripe peaches on the exterior)? Is the remaining fruit falling off the tree, or showing any signs of rot, other types of physical damage, or insect damage? Thinning to provide… Read more »

Charlotte Bishop
Charlotte Bishop (@guest_5814)
1 year ago

Thank you for all the great information! As a kid who grew up in Corpus Christi Texas, my mom had 5-7 peach trees in our back yard! Each were wonderfully fruitful! Now I’m living in Leesville LA, and so excited to grow my own and share the experience with my children! Thank you again for all the helpful information!

Susan Drake
Susan Drake (@guest_9396)
1 year ago

This year I had flowers in early spring, saw bees on flowers and never had any fruit. Tree is at least 3-4 years old and each previous yr. has had increased fruit. Didn’t see and bugs or mold on leaves. Read all of this site, a word I don’t know is cultivar, can someone tell me what it means please??

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
Noble Member
Reply to  Susan Drake
1 year ago

Thanks for your message, Susan. A cultivar is a plant variety that has been produced by selective breeding, either a hybrid passed down through the generations or a hybrid of two or more types. Prunus persica is the peach’s botanical name, with the first word being the genus it belongs to, and the second being the species. Words to follow this name, often in single quotes, indicate the cultivar (P. persica ‘Galaxy’ or ‘Honey Blaze,’ for example). Sorry to hear you didn’t have any fruit this year. Many types of peaches are self-fruitful, and seeing bees in the area is… Read more »

Johnny L Harris
Johnny L Harris (@guest_12099)
5 months ago

What zone is Maryland in?

Clare Groom
Clare Groom (@clareg)
Reply to  Johnny L Harris
5 months ago

Hi Johnny, it depends where in Maryland, check out our guide to USDA Hardiness Zones for more information.