Cropped in area of a mature apple tree loaded with red fruit.

Apple Trees

Apple trees are one of the most common fruit trees grown commercially and at home. They are part of the genus Malus in the family Rosaceae which also includes 42 to 55 closely related species such as crabapples, crabtrees, and wild apples.

There are around 7500 different cultivars of apples and they come in red, green, yellow, and colors and can come in various sizes such a dwarf, semi-dwarf, and full sized trees depending on their rootstock.

Down below, you’ll find everything you need to get started growing you own, propagation techniques, cultivar suggestions, winter care advice, and harvesting and storage tips along with suggested techniques to fight various diseases and pest infestations. Plant your apple tree today and happy gardening!

19 Apple Tree Varieties That’ll Knock Your Socks Off

A close up horizontal image of three blush red and green apples growing on a branch with green leaves.

Selecting the best apple tree varieties can be disappointing and fruitless (pun intended) if you don’t pick the right trees. Cold hardiness, flowering groups, and chill hours can be overwhelming, and don’t get me started on the trouble with triploids. Read more to learn about picking the right ones for your yard.

How to Prevent and Manage Fireblight in Apples, Pears, and Plums

A close up horizontal image of the branch of an apple tree showing symptoms of fireblight.

Fireblight can quickly infect apples, pears, and plums, leaving them sickly, ugly, and unable to produce as many healthy fruits. Our guide discusses this serious bacterial disease, how to manage fireblight infections in your trees, and even how to prevent infections from happening in the first place. Read more.

How to Store Your Apple Harvest

A close up of a wooden crate containing freshly harvested apples for long term fresh storage surrounded by straw.

If you find yourself with a bumper crop of apples, you’ll likely want to put some of your harvest up for winter storage, either fresh or as preserves. The fresh fruits will keep their delicious flavors and perfect textures for months when stored in the best conditions. Learn how to store your apple harvest in this guide.

When and How to Harvest Apples

A close up horizontal image of a basket filled with ripe, freshly harvested apples set at the base of a tree.

If you’re growing apples in your orchard, you’ll harvest the best quality fruit if you know how to judge the maturity of your crop. There are a number of factors that will help you estimate when your apples will be ripe for picking. Learn when and how to harvest your apples in this guide. Read more now.

How to Identify and Prevent Apple Cork Spot

An apple hanging from a tree with signs of cork spot.

If your apples have green dimples on them, they do not have a fungal disorder. Your fruit lack calcium and have apple cork spot. You can prevent this from happening in the future by liming your soil or spraying your trees with calcium. Read on to find out how to diagnose and prevent this physiological disorder.

How to Grow and Care for Honeycrisp Apple Trees

A close up horizontal image of ripe 'Honeycrisp' apples growing on the tree, ready for harvest.

‘Honeycrisp’ apples are a game-changer with their extremely crisp flesh and sweet but tangy flavor. They’re constantly in demand on the market. Plus, the trees are disease-resistant and perfectly happy in frigid winter climates. These trees have a fascinating history and are compact enough for smaller spots.

How to Grow and Care for Braeburn Apple Trees

A close up horizontal image of 'Braeburn' apples growing on the tree, ripe and ready to harvest.

Looking for a new favorite apple tree? ‘Braeburn’ checks all the boxes with its sweet yet tart flavor and crisp yet juicy texture. Plus, it’s easy for home gardeners to grow! Our guide explains this cultivar’s history, the best methods for growing, harvesting, and storing apples, ideas for cooking, and more.

13 of the Best Dwarf Apple Tree Varieties

A close up horizontal image of a large cluster of apples growing in the garden pictured in light sunshine.

Good things really do come in small packages with dwarf apple trees. Some are non-branching, so you can grow fruit on a tree with a tiny footprint. Others spread about eight feet wide and produce a respectable harvest. Most stay under about 10 feet tall. Check out 13 of the best dwarf tree options for your tiny space.

Learn About Apple Tree Pollination

A close up horizontal image of apple tree blossoms pictured in light sunshine on a soft focus background.

Almost all domestic apple trees need a second tree that blooms simultaneously to produce an abundant harvest of fruits. While there are a few self-fruitful types, they’ll produce better with a pal. Learn all about pollinating apple trees, which types work together, and how to encourage pollination in this guide.

How to Identify and Control 11 Apple Tree Pests

Codling moth larvae emerging from a red apple hanging on a tree.

Apple trees are particularly prone to pest problems, which can range from sapsucking insects that drain your tree to wiggly worms that can ruin your fruit. Chances are, you’ll encounter at least one of these at some point. Learn how to identify and control 11 of the most common apple pests in this guide. Read more now.

How to Water Apple Trees

A close up horizontal image of ripe apples growing on the tree, ready for harvest, pictured in bright sunshine on a blue sky background.

Irrigation is a crucial element of fruit tree care. For healthy apple trees with abundant yields, it’s important to provide sufficient moisture. In this guide, we cover how much water apple trees require – which depends on a variety of factors – and how and when to provide supplemental irrigation. Read more now.

How to Prevent and Control Powdery Mildew on Apple Trees

An apple tree branch complete coated in a Podosphaera leucotricha fungal infection showing the characteristic white powder-like coating on the leaves.

Do you have a white powdery coating on the leaves of your apple trees? Are trying to figure out what it might be? It’s likely powdery mildew and it needs to be managed. This disease is found in every region of the world that grows apples and damages leaves, limbs, fruit, and may even make an apple harvest impossible. Read on to learn how to recognize this pernicious disease and how to treat it.

11 Reasons Why Apples Drop Prematurely

A close up horizontal image of ripe apples covered in dew pictured in light sunshine on a soft focus background.

If your apple trees drop their fruits prematurely, you could end up with reduced yields. A variety of different factors can cause premature apple drop, and being aware of them can help you to manage or even prevent this issue. In our guide, we’ll cover what premature apple drop is and what can cause it. Read more now.

How to Prune Apple Tree Water Sprouts

A close up horizontal image of water sprouts growing on an apple tree, with foliage in soft focus in the background.

If you’re seeing lots of straight, upright branches forming on your apple tree, they’re likely water sprouts. These growths are a sign of trauma, and you need to deal with them as soon as possible – they aren’t good for the growth of your tree, and they can reduce your harvest. Learn how to identify and remove them.

How to Identify, Prevent, and Control Cedar Apple Rust

Cedar apple rust fungus on a juniper tree.

Although cedar apple rust won’t kill the junipers or apples and crabapples it infects, it can surely debilitate them. What can you do if you are faced with this complex disease? Read more now on Gardener’s Path to discover how to identify and learn how to control cedar apple rust on either of its hosts.

Tips for Growing Bonsai Apple Trees

A close up horizontal image of an apple tree with three developing fruits trained to grow as a bonsai in a blue ceramic pot.

Apple bonsai are dramatic, striking trees in a small package. They produce full-sized fruits on a teeny-tiny tree. Oue guide explains how to grow your own bonsai apple trees, from selecting a specimen to potting, pruning, and shaping them for the most impact. We’ll also help you manage problems that might pop up.

How to Identify and Control Apple Maggots

A close up horizontal image of a ripe green apple infested with maggots.

Apple maggots are the larvae of small flies that lay their eggs in orchard fruits, especially apples, quickly turning the ripening fruits inedible. To catch these pests before they ruin your pie dreams, learn everything you need to know about apple maggots – including a variety of control options – in this guide.

How to Protect Apple Trees in the Winter

A close up horizontal image of an apple tree covered in a dusting of snow.

Are you growing any apple trees in your yard? If they’re less than ten years old, they can be highly susceptible to several winter maladies: sunscald, pest infestation, and the ravages of other types of hungry critters. Find out how to keep your apple trees warm, safe, and happy during the winter. Read more now.

How to Prevent Soggy Breakdown Disorder in Apples

Oblique view of Honeycrisp apples that have been sliced open to show soggy breakdown disorder.

Soggy breakdown disorder is a particular problem in Honeycrisp apples, and the fruit can be hiding this issue even though it looks fine on the outside. Read more now to learn how to prevent soggy breakdown in your homegrown harvest by conditioning the fruit before storing it at the proper temperature.

How to Identify, Treat, and Prevent Common Apple Diseases

A close up horizontal image of apples growing in the garden suffering from disease pictured on a soft focus background.

Growers typically plant resistant apple varieties to control the major pathogens in their region. What can home gardeners do to prevent the occurrence of diseases on their apple trees? Read more to discover prevention techniques, learn ways to identify common diseases of apples, and implement control methods.

How to Prevent Armillaria Root Rot on Apple Trees

A close up of a dead stump with lots of light brown mushrooms growing on and around it with fall leaves and forest in soft focus in the background.

Armillaria root rot is a serious fungal infection that attacks many different plants. This fungus can devastate apples and most other kinds of fruit trees. Resistant to fungicide treatments, it is difficult to control. Learn what makes this pathogen so hard to control and how to prevent infection in your apple trees.

How to Identify and Prevent Southern Blight on Apple Trees

Since southern blight can infect hundreds of plants and live in the soil for years, it is a severe threat to apple and crabapple trees. Especially if you live in the south, learn how to prevent this disease and keep it at bay with rigorous sanitation.

How to Identify and Control Apple Black Rot and Frogeye Leaf Spot

An apple leaf with frogeye leaf spots. Close up.

The complex of apple black rot cankers, black rot on fruit, and frogeye leaf spot can cause serious losses on apples and crabapples. However, you can minimize the damage by removing dead tissue and mummified fruit. Read on to learn the details of controlling these diseases.

How to Identify and Prevent Crown Gall on Apple

A large crown gall growing on the trunk of residential apple tree.

Crown gall bacteria can infect apples, crabapples, peaches, pears, nectarines, apricots, and plums throughout the world – causing unsightly growths that can girdle the trees and kill them. Read on to find out how to prevent this soil-borne disease from attacking your fruit trees.

How to Identify and Control Bot Rot on Apple Trees

Three apples in various stages of rot from Botryosphaeria dothidea.

Bot rot (white rot) can result in cankers on the limbs and twigs and fruit rot that may not show until your apples or crabapples rot after storage. Fortunately, this fungus only infects trees that are stressed. Read on to learn how to prevent infections from occurring.

Growing Apple Trees: A Fruitful Primer

A person is picking a perfectly ripe, bright red apple from a tree branch that is supporting many of the delicious fruits.

There’s an old saying that society grows great when people plant trees they’ll never enjoy the shade of. That’s a fine sentiment, but why not enjoy the fruits of our labor along the way? Growing apple trees offers long-term benefits, and in just a few years we can enjoy the fruit of our trees. Read on to learn how.