How to Plant and Grow Cleome (Spider Flower)

Cleome hassleriana

I’ll admit that I didn’t think I liked Cleome at first, but it quickly moved up my dance card as my go-to option whenever conditions allowed it in my landscaping work.

It’s an attractive plant with unique characteristics.

It’s tall but not too tall, has unusual flowers without being showy about it, and requires very little (if any) care during the growing season.

It will undoubtedly allow you to strike up a few conversations with your neighbors who aren’t familiar with it. And with white, pink, or pastel-purple flowers, it makes a decorative addition to almost any garden.

A vertical close up picture of Cleome hassleriana, with tall stems and white, wispy flowers, pictured in the summer garden, on a soft focus background. To the center and bottom of the frame is green and white text.

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Without further ado, let’s get into what Cleome is all about, and what you can do with it in your landscape.

You won’t need much to get Cleome hassleriana started in your garden, except for the seeds or plants themselves and a sunny location for them to take off.

Let’s get right to it so you can get started right away.

What Is Cleome?

Cleome, sometimes called spider flower, spider plant (not to be confused with Chlorophytum comosum), or grandfather’s whiskers, will typically reach a height of up to five feet, though dwarf cultivars exist.

It is grown as an annual in most US growing zones, though it is perennial in USDA Hardiness Zones 10 and 11.

It’s a relatively unique plant because of how it flowers, and the length of time it will stay in bloom – from early summer up until first frost.

The flowers grow in open racemes, with loose, wispy clusters of small blooms at the end of each stem. The long stamens give it a “spidery” appearance.

Mature stems have a nasty thorn at the base of each of the green leaves. After blooming, the dried flower heads attract birds and provide texture in the fall garden.

A close up of a delicate white C. hassleriana bloom, growing in the garden, with bees surrounding, pictured on a soft focus background.

Cleome can often be confused with a similar-looking plant known as clammy weed (Polanisia dodecandra).

The clearest way to tell the difference between the two is by their seed pods. Cleome has seed pods that stick straight out or hang down, while the seed pods are oriented upwards in clammy weed.

Clammy weed is a native to North America, while Cleome is native to South America.

Cleome will readily grow in conditions with lots of light and well-drained soil.

A close up of bright pink and white Cleome flowers growing in the garden in bright sunshine, on a soft focus background.

I’ve developed a habit of planting full sun flowers in part sun conditions to see how they respond, and have had plenty of good luck… except with C. hassleriana.

This plant really does thrive – and produces the most abundant blooms – with as much sun as you can throw at it.

While it will tolerate heavy soils, it is happiest in lighter soil conditions. The key ingredient here is that the soil should be organically rich.

A close up of upright C. hassleriana with light pink flowers growing in the garden, with a concrete driveway in the background.

Cleome requires a bare minimum of fertilization. You could get away with simply adding compost to the growing bed each year and being done with it.

I do not recommend using any fast-acting fertilizers as this can cause “leggy” growth.

It’s tolerant of drought conditions, more so than many other annuals. Heck, it doesn’t even need to be staked despite its impressive height, because it has a deep and strong taproot and sturdy stems.

As long as you’ve got the sunny conditions and well-drained soil required for it to flourish, C. hassleriana will be happy to do its thing with minimal effort on your part.

Cultivation and History

Originating from South America, C. hassleriana is usually grown as an annual, and it readily self-seeds.

Although it was first introduced to the US in the early 1800s, it didn’t reach its height of popularity until the Victorian era, when it became a common resident of greenhouses and cottage gardens.

A close up of the unopened blooms of C. hassleriana pictured in bright sunshine on a soft focus background.

As time moved on, Cleome lost its fame. But it has enjoyed a recent resurgence of popularity. It’s a plant I rarely saw in gardens and professional landscaping, until recently.

My personal history with C. hassleriana is a bit embarrassing.

It’s no secret that the leaves of the plant look startlingly similar to marijuana, and when I was directed by my foreman to cut back all herbaceous material for a fall cleanup, I was a little shocked to find a patch of Cleome in the garden.

A vertical close up of the dark green foliage of spider flower that looks similar to marijuna, pictured in bright sunshine on a dark background.
Cleome leaves look awfully similar to marijuana leaves.

The foreman saw my look of confusion, and made sure I knew this was simply an ornamental annual plant.

I know I’m not alone in having my neighbors look at my C. hassleriana that’s planted in the front yard with their eyebrows raised.

“Is that guy really growing that in his front yard? How brazen!” their faces scream.

Sharing the true nature of this plant with curious people is always a fun conversation, and then we can all enjoy the funny double-takes that others have when they pass by my garden.

How to Sow Spider Flowers

Getting C. hassleriana to germinate the first time is an easy task, allowing them to self-seed is even easier, and having those plants self-seed to produce yet more plants is easier still.

From Seed

The only conditions required for starting C. hassleriana from seed are the right amount of light and adequate soil conditions, as well as the correct timing – when you’re beyond any danger of frost.

A close up of the delicate pink and white petals of C. hassleriana, spider flower, growing in the garden, pictured in light evening sunshine.

Prepare your planting location by digging the soil to loosen it, mix in some compost if you wish, and rake it smooth.

Sow the seeds directly on the surface and cover with a light layer of soil, no more than quarter of an inch deep, as they need light to germinate.

Keep the soil moist but not wet. I’ll check the seeded area daily and give it a drink only if it’s starting to dry up.

Seeds germinate quickly, in about a week. Thin them out so you’ve got a few inches between each plant; six to eight inches works best to give the plants room to spread.

Alternatively, you can start the seeds indoors six weeks before the last frost date.

If you don’t have a sunny enough location for your seedlings to get started indoors, you might want to start your seeds inside eight weeks before the last frost date, or use a grow light.

These seeds require fluctuating temperatures in order to germinate, with daytime temperatures of 75-85°F and nighttime temperatures about 10 degrees lower.

Transplant the seedlings to your desired location when they are two to four inches tall and all danger of frost has passed.

Before planting, harden off your seedlings by placing them outdoors for an hour or so each day, gradually increasing the amount of time over the course of a week.

To plant out, dig a hole as deep and wide as the root balls and gently place the seedlings into the ground, spacing them six to eight inches apart. Tamp down the soil, and water in well.

On Self-Seeding

Cleome readily self-seeds. In some of the estate gardens where I planted it three years ago, new seedlings come up every year and eliminate the need to replant or reseed. It’s a nice freebie, as far as I’m concerned.

But if you’re growing your flowers in tight conditions or like to keep your garden as tidy as you can, I’d recommend removing the seed pods immediately after the flowers individually finish blooming.

I’ve never had Cleome get out of control on me, but in the right conditions, it’s possible. Alternatively, you can select sterile hybrid cultivars and eliminate any danger of self-seeding.

How to Grow Cleome

Regular readers know that my favorite plants are the ones that I don’t need to smother with attention, and Cleome is on my list. As mentioned, it requires a full sun location with organically rich, well-draining soil.

A close up of a bright pink C. hassleriana flower, pictured in bright sunshine on a soft focus background.

Outside of watering young plants regularly until they are established and removing seed heads if the gardener is so inclined, this plant has almost zero need for attention.

It doesn’t need to be staked, deadheads itself, and requires little, if any, fertilization.

Growing Tips

  • Cleome tolerates drought, but is happiest with an occasional drink of water if the weather is dry for an extended period of time.
  • Plants do not require staking at any point in their lifespan.
  • Ensure plants are located in a spot where they’re going to get at least six hours of sunlight per day with good drainage.
  • No specific fertilization requirements, except to avoid fast-acting fertilizers.
  • Watch out for small but sharp thorns found along the stems on most varieties.


The only major maintenance required is yanking this plant out of the ground when it dies at the end of the season.

If you like a tidy garden, you can remove the plants in late fall or early winter.

A close up of a white spider flower growing in the garden, pictured on a soft focus background.

However, I like to leave some winter interest in my gardens, and I tend to leave Cleome standing until spring cleanup time.

You’ll see why the plant has the nickname “spider flower” on a winter day when the flowers are long gone, leaving only spindly growths that look a lot like an arachnid’s long legs.

Remember, Cleome can have some irritating thorns in a few spots along the stem, so be mindful of where you’re grabbing and put on gardening gloves for extra protection.

Cleome Cultivars to Select

There are a variety of different cultivars available, including the Queen™ series and the more compact Senorita® series.

It’s recommended that you cold stratify seeds from the Queen™ series before planting, for better germination rates. Here are a few of my favorites:

Cherry Queen

Bold and bright, ‘Cherry Queen’ blooms with six to eight-inch fragrant flowers atop three to four-foot-tall stems.

A close up of bright cherry red spider flower C. hassleriana 'Cherry Queen' growing in the garden.

‘Cherry Queen’

This open-pollinated variety will happily self-seed and provide vivid color to your borders from early summer to first frost.

You can find seeds in a variety of packet sizes available from Eden Brothers.

Mauve Queen

Another member of the Queen™ series, this cultivar produces six to eight-inch blooms in shades of deep pink to pastel purple.

A close up of the bright pink flowers of C. hassleriana 'Mauve Queen' growing in the garden in bright sunshine, pictured on a soft focus background.

‘Mauve Queen’

‘Mauve Queen’ will self-seed, and like other members of the Queen™ series, it’s best to cold stratify the seeds before planting.

Seeds are available at Eden Brothers in a variety of packet sizes.

Queen Mixed Colors

If you can’t decide what color you like best, why not try this colorful mixture? This seed mix contains ‘Cherry Queen,’ ‘Mauve Queen,’ and ‘White Queen.’

A garden scene of red, maroon, pink, and white C. hassleriana flowers, fading to soft focus in the background. To the bottom right of the frame is a black circular logo with text.

Queen Mixed

Seeds require cold stratification before sowing.

You can find Queen™ Mixed in a variety of packet sizes from True Leaf Market.

Senorita Rosalita

Senorita® ‘Rosalita’ is a more compact cultivar, growing to a mature height of two to three feet. Delicate pink and white blossoms contrast with the dark green foliage.

A close up of the bright pink flower of C. hassleriana 'Senorita Rosalita' growing in the garden, pictured in bright sunshine on a soft focus background.

‘Senorita® Rosalita’

The Senorita® series produces sterile flowers, so this cultivar will not self-seed. Its compact growth habit makes it suitable to grow in containers.

Plants are available at Nature Hills Nursery.

White Queen

Another top pick from the Queen™ series, ‘White Queen’ blooms – as the name suggests – with delicate white flowers.

A close up of a white spider flower, C. hassleriana 'White Queen' growing in the garden, with dark green foliage, pictured on a soft focus background.

‘White Queen’

Expect a mature height of three to four feet. This variety will self-seed readily.

Find seeds in a variety of packet sizes available at Eden Brothers.

Managing Pests and Disease

C. hassleriana has almost no pest or disease issues, and is exceptionally hardy to the few that may cause problems.


I’ve never seen Cleome take any damage from herbivores. Maybe it’s the slightly pungent scent, the thorns on the stem, or some other deterrence Cleome possesses, but the risk of critters munching on this plant is very low.


Insect pests are almost a non-issue for C. hassleriana… almost.

Generally, Cleome is rarely bothered by any pests except for common generalists like aphids. I’ve never applied a treatment for insect issues and have likewise never lost a group of plants to insects.

Just in case you do discover any issues, keep these tips in mind.


Aphids are regular visitors to most gardens. You’ll notice their presence either when you note masses of the pests, or their telltale honeydew – a sticky, shiny substance left behind by the bugs on the leaves of the plant.

A close up of the packaging of a spray bottle of insecticidal soap on a white background.

Bonide™ Insecticidal Soap

Standard treatment here includes introducing or attracting natural predators like ladybugs, using an insecticidal soap like this one, available from Arbico Organics, or simply blasting the aphids off with a strong stream of water from the hose.

You can read more about ridding the garden of aphids here.


These small flying insects are rarely a problem in my experience, but as they are generalists, they should be listed here.

An insecticidal soap like the one mentioned above will do the trick to get rid of an infestation.

Find tips on combating whiteflies here.

Spider Mites

Spider mites on the spider flower? How poetic!

I’ve never had an issue with spider mites on Cleome in the garden, but if your plants are growing in an area with poor air circulation, they could become a problem.

You’ll notice this issue when you see the telltale spiderweb-like webbing around the plants, and yellowing leaves.

Once again, an application of the aforementioned insecticidal soap will save the day.

Read more about spider mite control here.

Cabbage Moths

You could possibly see cabbage moths on your plants, but this is rare in my experience. However, if you do see the adult moths you’ll likely find cabbageworms as well, the larval form of this insect.

A treatment of the biofungicde Bacillus thuringiensis should do the trick to get rid of these pests.


As long as your plants have good air circulation available, they shouldn’t have any issues at all with diseases.

In the event that they do, a standard fungal treatment will alleviate most issues. I have to stress again that treating these plants for pests or disease is generally not necessary for the benefit of the plants themselves.

The only exception might be if an individual C. hassleriana plant is heavily infested with pests or disease and, as a host, poses a threat to other plants in the garden.

In that case, treatment can be beneficial to the overall health of your garden.

Powdery Mildew

I rarely encounter powdery mildew on Cleome, but it can happen, and the recommended treatment is the same as for any other plant afflicted with it.

A close up of the packaging of copper fungicide from Bonide, on a white background.

Bonide™ Copper Fungicide

A copper fungicide like this one, available from Arbico Organics, will eliminate almost every fungal issue your garden may experience.


The only potentially serious disease your Cleome could suffer from is rust.

If your plant is afflicted by rust – a fungal issue that leaves telltale rust-colored spots on the leaves and foliage – unfortunately there is no treatment available.

Remove and destroy all affected plants to prevent further spread in the garden.

Best Uses for Spider Flowers

Plant your C. hassleriana in the borders of your garden for the best effect.

I worked on a property that had a tiered boxwood border with short 18-inch boxwoods, behind which was low-growing Sarcococca (about eight inches tall), and massive boxwood behind that, which was at least five feet tall.

A garden scene with a border filled with pink and white C. hassleriana, with trees in soft focus in the background.

It would have been a boring planting, except for the seasonal flowers that we also planted in the Sarcococca bed:

White tulips for blooms in the springtime, and Cleome for added interest throughout the entire summer season.

These flowers offered a perfect accent that tied the entire planting together – without stealing the show.

If you have room for it, a mass planting of Cleome is something else. You can let the plants freely go to seed each year, and they’ll pop right back up the following spring.

A garden scene with C. hassleriana in a mass planting to the left of the frame, with bright red, pink, and white flowers, a soil pathway in the center of the frame, and bright orange flowers to the right. Trees are pictured in soft focus in the background.

I put C. hassleriana in my front garden to add random spikes of simple flowers that add some interest and variety to complement the rest of my mix of plants.

In my opinion, these annuals work best as either a full border accent or as little exclamation marks in the garden, planted randomly to show off a bit without becoming a gaudy main attraction.

Quick Reference Growing Guide

Plant Type:Flowering annual (Zones 2-11), perennial in Zones 10-11Flower / Foliage Color:Pink, purple, white/green
Native to:South AmericaTolerance:Drought
Hardiness (USDA Zone):2-11Soil Type:Organically-rich
Bloom Time / Season:SummerSoil pH:6.0-7.0 (ideal), tolerates most pH
Exposure:Full sunSoil Drainage:Well-draining
Spacing:6 inchesAttracts:Bees, butterflies, hummingbirds
Planting Depth:Surface sow (seeds), depth of root ball (transplants)Uses:Border, mixed planting, cut flowers
Height:1-5 feetOrder:Ranunculales
Spread:6-8 inchesFamily:Cleomaceae
Water Needs:ModerateGenus:Cleome
Common Pests:Aphids, cabbage moths, spider mites, white fliesCommon Disease:Powdery mildew, rust

Easy to Grow, So Get Growing!

I’ve sure got a fondness for flowers that are easy to care for, and C. hassleriana is high up on that list. This is a plant that’s easy to start from seed, it grows in full sun and tolerates drought conditions, and it has minimal pest issues.

Close-up of a light pink Cleome or spider flower in bloom in a summer garden.

It’s a perfect plant for gardeners who like a stately and tidy garden, and is also a prime choice for those with a more laissez-faire approach.

Are you growing Cleome at home? Do you have a suggestion, question, or tip that we didn’t include here? Leave us a comment below!

If you are looking for other flowering plants to add to your garden beds, check out these guides next:

Photo of author


Matt Suwak was reared by the bear and the bobcat and the coyote of rural Pennsylvania. This upbringing keeps him permanently affixed to the outdoors where most of his personal time is invested in gardening, bird watching, and hiking. He presently resides in Philadelphia and works under the sun as a landscaper and gardener, and by moonlight as a writer. An incessant questioning of “Why?” affords him countless opportunities to ponder the (in)significance of the great and the small. He considers folksy adages priceless treasures and is fueled almost entirely by beer and hot sauce.

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diane (@guest_8490)
3 years ago

Moved to Florida and I have tried like crazy to grow cleome with zero luck I can’t even get it to sprout.

Diane Floca
Diane Floca (@guest_32566)
Reply to  diane
10 months ago

Try storing the seeds in the freezer over the winter and then sowing in the spring. Or, broadcast the seeds this year and wait til they sprout next year. Or get someone to give you a small transplant. I have been lucky to get transplants. The only problem is that cleome does not like to be moved or touched or to be dry. You almost have to transplant in by getting the plant in a huge clump of dirt on a rainy day.

Nell (@guest_11445)
3 years ago

Hi Matt – great post with lots of helpful info on growing cleome, thanks!
For the first time, just ordered seeds for Sparkler Rose cleome to sow directly into soil (Central Florida, plenty of sun, heat, humidity and well draining soil) – am excited to add it to my front garden!!
Quick question – how many seeds do you suggest I sow into each spot along the row…single seed ever 6 in. or multiple seed every 6 in. thinning as the grow?
Thanks again for the awesome info and pics!

Linda Schmitke
Linda Schmitke (@guest_12223)
3 years ago

I’m too late to sow cleome seed it would be great to find starts somewhere. Suggestions please!

Laura Ojeda Melchor
Laura Ojeda Melchor(@lauramelchor)
Gardening Writer
Reply to  Linda Schmitke
3 years ago

Hi Linda! It looks like you can order from the Home Depot, although they may be out of stock right now: Another option is to call around to local nurseries and gardening centers to see if they have starts. Or, check on Facebook marketplace or Craigslist to see if there are any starts in your area. If you have a local Facebook gardening group, you can also post a call to see if anyone has cleome starts available for sale. I wish you luck!

Kathy (@guest_15105)
2 years ago

Hi, Love your page gardenerspath, started sowing flower seeds in November zone 6, loved the Cleome plant, just ordered the seeds, thought they needed (cold stratification) now I’m not sure what to do, can the seeds be planted outside in November (zone 6) for summer flowers? Can I plant the seeds outside winter season, or do I have to wait for after last frost in the spring in CT?

Heather Whren
Heather Whren (@guest_32087)
10 months ago

I live in South Jersey and while visiting the finger lakes in new York, my Airbnb host introduced me to cleome and gave me some seed pods. I live in a townhouse without a lot of space for gardening. You’re not kidding with low maintenance. I hap-hazardly threw some seeds along the ground behind my ac unit, the only space I had, and then forgot about it. This was at least a year or two ago. I think I may have pulled some early seedlings out thinking they were weeds. I got lazy with weeding this year and lo and… Read more »

Lorna Kring
Lorna Kring(@lornakring)
Gardening Writer
Reply to  Heather Whren
10 months ago

Hi Heather, sounds like you’ve got a winner! Collect seeds in summer after flower are spent and faded. Watch for the pods to change color from green to yellow then brown – snip them from their stems once they’ve turned brown but before they split open and disperse seeds. After removing, open the pods and remove the seeds, spreading them in a single layer on paper towelling. Allow them to dry in a warm, dry location with ample air circulation for one to two weeks. Store in a small envelope in a cool, dark location. Start indoors early or plant… Read more »

Last edited 10 months ago by Lorna Kring
Mary O’Donovan
Mary O’Donovan (@guest_32115)
10 months ago

I love Cleome but cannot seem to get it to germinate. I have tried 5 times since April with no luck at all. Tried it indoors and in the greenhouse. I know it needs light to germinate so hardly covered the seed at all. So I bought a plant and am taking cuttings to see if that works.  I did try cold stratification twice.. still no luck. I live in Vancouver, Canada on the West Coast so perhaps it just isn’t hot enough here? Suggestions? Please.

Last edited 10 months ago by Allison Sidhu
Lorna Kring
Lorna Kring(@lornakring)
Gardening Writer
Reply to  Mary O’Donovan
10 months ago

Hi Mary, I don’t think Vancouver’s temperatures are the problem (I’ve started them from seed outdoors in Sechelt, just across Howe Sound)… it sounds like you’ve done everything right, but I suspect you’re trying to germinate seed from a sterile hybrid. One of this plant’s endearing characteristics is that it self-seeds readily. But some of the newer hybrids are sterile and the seeds they produce are duds… no matter the location or environment, they won’t germinate. I think you’ll have better propagation luck with your cuttings, but you’ll have to overwinter them indoors – as perennials they’re cold tender and… Read more »

Last edited 10 months ago by Lorna Kring
Diane Floca
Diane Floca (@guest_32568)
Reply to  Lorna Kring
10 months ago

I think that you are correct that cold temperatures are not the problem. I have seen cleome growing very well in St Paul, Minnesota , in cracks in the pavement in the alley behind the huge open to view houses ( now museums ) that used to be private homes. The houses (and cleome ) are located on the bluff overlooking the Mississippi river. A very cold windy spot. The seeds had to have over wintered there. No one plants seeds in a crack. I suggest broadcasting some of your seed this year in the spot you want to have… Read more »

Diane Floca
Diane Floca (@guest_32565)
10 months ago

My small emerging cleome’s leaves were being eaten by tiny green inch worms that hid along the main vein of the leaf and ate the leaves. I went out early in the morning and picked off the worms and squashed them. After the cleome got big and developed thorns on the stems I had no more trouble. However, left alone the plants would have been totally stripped. They are now 4 feet tall.

Donald Miller
Donald Miller (@guest_34441)
Reply to  Diane Floca
9 months ago

I live in Maryland right outside of DC. My Cleome come up every year on their own, often spreading from garden to garden. My wife claims they are weeds; but I love them.

Clare Groom
Clare Groom(@clareg)
Reply to  Donald Miller
9 months ago

Thanks for sharing Donald! I agree, they are gorgeous.