What Are the Health Benefits of Homegrown Collard Greens?

If you’re from the northern US like me, collard greens may not be a regular item on your dinner table.

A side dish staple of the South, collard greens can make a tasty and nutritious addition to your leafy-green vegetable repertoire.

After taking a deeper look into their health benefits, you’ll be ready to grow and cook up your own.

A vertical close up picture of freshly harvested collard greens, set on a striped fabric on a wooden surface. To the center and bottom of the frame is green and white text.

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Here’s what we’ll cover:

What Are Collard Greens?

Collard greens are a leafy variety of the Brassica oleracea species, from the Acephala group. The Brassica genus also includes several other veggies like cabbage and broccoli.

A close up of Brassica oleracea var. acephala growing in the garden with large, pale green leaves with lighter colored veins.

In the United States, they grow mainly in the southern states, and are often served with bacon or smoked meats like ham hocks.

Outside of the US, they grow in Brazil, Portugal, and parts of Italy, Spain, and Africa.

Collard greens can be eaten raw or cooked, though cooking them is generally more common.

Don’t let that stop you from adding them to your next salad though! Just wash, de-stem, and be sure to massage the leaves for a soft and tasty texture.

Components of Collards

Aside from being a beautifully green and leafy addition to the garden, they are also highly nutritious! Like most veggies, they are low in calories and high in essential nutrients.

A close up of a pile of freshly harvested Brassica oleracea var. acephala set on a burlap fabric.

One cup of cooked collard greens has a modest 42 calories. It packs 179 milligrams of calcium, or about 18 percent of the recommended daily intake for adults.

Consuming one cup of the cooked greens also meets 7 percent of your daily magnesium needs, 20 percent of daily dietary fiber needs, 6 percent of phosphorus needs, and 54 percent of vitamin A needs.

Eaten raw, they are just as nutritious, but remember that you need to eat a higher volume to get to the same nutrient totals. Raw, they offer a measly 12 calories per cup.

If you’re looking for a good source of folate, raw greens are recommended over cooked.

One cup of raw greens provides 46 micrograms of folate, where one cup of cooked greens only offers 20.5 micrograms.

A close up of 'Georgia Southern' growing in the garden, with large green leaves and soil in soft focus in the background.

‘Georgia Southern’

Want to grow your own? Try these ‘Georgia Southern’ seeds from Eden Brothers.

Seeds can be started indoors, or sown directly in the garden. Learn more about growing your own collard greens here.

Health Benefits of Collard Greens

So, what do all of these numbers and percentages equate to?

A multitude of health benefits!

A close up top down picture of a Brassica oleracea var. acephala plant growing in the garden in light sunshine, with water droplets on the leaves and soil in soft focus in the background.

They are a good source of calcium, which is commonly known to support bone health. Most calcium is used to aid bone structure and function, but it also supports muscle function, nerve contraction, and dilation of veins.

Vitamin A is another key nutrient. Vitamin A allows us to be able to see, by helping to make a protein that absorbs light in our retinas. Additionally, vitamin A supports immune health and cell growth.

They offer a boost of dietary fiber as well. Fiber is important for regulating the digestive system, encouraging the production of helpful gut bacteria, regulating blood sugar, and helping to balance cholesterol levels.

Phytochemicals also play a role in the health benefits that this leafy veggie has to offer.

Indole-3-carbinol or I3C is a phytochemical found in these and other cruciferous vegetables that may be associated with antioxidant and cancer-preventing properties. More research is still needed surrounding this compound and its effects.

Calling on Collards

Whether you enjoy them raw, steamed, or even sauteed with a bit of bacon, know that you are reaping some healthful rewards!

A close up of freshly harvested and cleaned collard greens, with light droplets of water on the leaves set on a wooden surface.

Try them in unique ways with recipes from our sister site, Foodal. These creamed collard greens make a creamy, cheesy side dish while this smoothie offers a sneaky way to increase your greens intake. Just substitute them for the kale.

Are collard greens common in your diet? What is your favorite way to prepare them? Let me know in the comments!

And if you’re interested in learning more about growing collard greens, check out these articles next:

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Tori Vallana is a registered dietitian with a passion for making food and nutrition simple. She holds an associate’s degree in baking and pastry arts as well as a bachelor’s degree in nutrition and dietetics. Tori loves perusing her local farmers market to find high-quality produce and encourages her patients to do the same!

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