Brassica oleracea var. sabauda
While most people have heard of – and eaten – red and green cabbage, I’ve noticed that fewer are familiar with savoy cabbage.
This is a shame, since it’s my favorite variety!
With crinkly green leaves, it adds beauty to the garden, and a unique texture in the kitchen.
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Here’s everything you need to know to add it to your vegetable patch this year:
What You’ll Learn
Let’s dig into the details!
What Is Savoy Cabbage?
Savoy cabbage, like all other cabbage varieties is a specific cultivar of Brassica oleracea. The wrinkly leaves have a milder flavor and a lighter texture than the more traditional green cabbage that many of us are used to.
According to Texas A&M University, the name savoy comes from the historical Savoy region of the Western Alps in parts of what is now Italy, France, and Switzerland.
When and How to Plant
As with other varieties of cabbage, savoy doesn’t do well in hot weather. Therefore, it can be grown once in the spring, and again in the fall.
In the spring, you should aim to get transplants in the ground immediately after your last frost. This gives plants time to fully develop before it becomes too hot. Start seeds five or six weeks before your expected last frost date.
In the fall, crops should be transplanted in late July to mid-September. Those in colder regions should transplant earlier, while those in warmer regions can transplant later.
Seeds for transplants should be started in late June to early August, depending on when you want to plant.
No matter when you plant, choose a site with full sun and good drainage. Plant seedlings 12-18 inches apart in rows 18-24 inches apart.
This crop can also be direct seeded, but it will take up space in your garden for a longer period of time. Direct seed in July and August for zones one through six and in August and September for zones seven through ten.
To direct seed crops, plant seeds four inches apart in rows 18-24 inches apart. When the seedlings are two inches tall, thin to 12-18 inches apart.
You can also grow Savoy cabbage in containers. For one plant per container, choose a pot that is at least 12 inches in diameter and 12 inches deep. If planting more than one cabbage per container, space plants 12 inches apart.
The light and water requirements for savoy cabbage is the same as other cabbages. It does best in full sun and requires one inch of water per week.
One way to protect your plants from these pests is to practice crop rotation. Do your best to avoid planting brassicas – think cabbages, kale, and collards – in the same area two years in a row.
Rotating crops helps break the pests’ life cycle. When juveniles emerge in the spring, they don’t have their preferred host plant to feed on, so they die or move on.
Floating row covers physically exclude flying pests from your crops. They work best if you put them on before insect populations get too high, so scout your crop a few times a week to check for early signs of pests such as eggs or recently arrived adults. Better yet, apply these covers when the plants are still small and before the insects have appeared.
How to Harvest
Savoy cabbage heads will be ready to harvest 70 to 110 days after planting seeds, depending on the variety. Check your seed packet to see when your variety will be ready.
While heads should be compact, this variety does have a little more give than others. When you touch a mature cabbage, don’t be surprised if it feels squishy. However, if you can push the cabbage inwards more than a quarter of an inch, it needs more time to mature.
To harvest the cabbage, simply cut the stem near ground level. After removing any discolored leaves, store in the crisper drawer of your refrigerator for up to a month.
There are a number of heirloom and hybrid varieties available, although often in seed catalogs they’ll be listed as “savoy cabbage” without the name of a particular cultivar.
This heirloom cultivar can be grown in Zones 3-12. It is ready in 90 days and produces sweet, green heads that are five to seven inches across.
You can find ‘Savoy Perfection’ seeds in a variety of quantities at True Leaf Market.
This heirloom cultivar produces striking purple and green heads. These heads are semi-savoy, which means they have slightly less crinkled leaves.
As its name suggests, this type does well in the cold and can survive winter in Zones 7 and above. Expect to harvest three- to five-pound heads 150-210 days after planting.
Find packets of 50 seeds from Javagado Land via Amazon.
‘Savoy King’ is a hybrid that produces medium-sized dark green heads that are pale yellow at the core. A vigorous, high-yielding variety, it is ready to harvest after 80 days.
Find packages of 250 ‘Savoy King’ seeds from Hazzard’s Seeds via Amazon.
With dark green heads that turn blue-green in colder weather, ‘Famosa’ will make a beautiful addition to your garden. It produces two- to four-pound heads with excellent flavor.
‘Famosa’ is a hybrid variety that is ready to harvest in 70-85 days.
Recipes and Cooking Ideas
One of my favorite ways to cook savoy cabbage is in haluski – a Polish dish of butter, onions, cabbage, and noodles.
For a quick preparation, saute one chopped onion and a head of thinly sliced cabbage in butter until soft. Meanwhile, cook egg noodles according to package directions. Toss the noodles with the vegetables for a comforting cool-weather dish.
The Crinkle Crunch Cabbage
After reading this, I hope you’re ready to try planting some savoy cabbage.
The crinkly leaves provide a fun twist on the traditional green cabbage. And the sweet taste and crunchy texture make for a versatile ingredient in the kitchen.
Let us know in the comments if you’ve had success growing this crunchy fresh vegetable in your garden.
And if you’re looking to learn more about lesser-known fall crops, check out the following:
- How to Grow Collard Greens, A Taste of Southern Culture
- How to Grow and Plant Daikon: Add Some Zing to Your Garden
- How to Grow Sweet and Tender Red Russian Kale
© Ask the Experts, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for more details. Product photos via True Leaf Market, Javagado Land, Hazzard’s Seeds, and Amazon. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Additional writing and editing by Clare Groom and Allison Sidhu.
About Briana Yablonski
Briana Yablonski grew up in Eastern Pennsylvania and currently resides in Knoxville, Tennessee. She holds a Bachelor of Science degree in plant sciences and has worked on farms in Minnesota, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Tennessee. Now, she spends many hours planting seeds and moving compost at her market garden. When she’s not immersed in the world of gardening, Briana enjoys walking dogs at the local shelter and riding her bike. She believes that gardening fosters curiosity, continuous learning, and wonder.