Balloon Flower: A Blue Garden Gem


Balloon flower, or Platycodon grandiflorus, is a native of the Russian Far East, China, Japan, and Korea that has become a garden sensation in the United States.

Close up of two blue-purple balloon flowers in bloom.

A member of the Campanulaceae family that includes bellflower and lobelia, its common name derives from puffy, balloon-like buds that burst open into starry blossoms.

The best part is that in addition to white, it comes in shades of blue, which is a rare treat in nature.

Aren't balloon flowers beautiful? We'll teach you how to grow them:

And while P. grandiflorus is not a native blue flower, its hardy, disease-resistant nature and vibrant perennial blossoms have made it a jewel of American gardens.

A Border Beauty

Also called Chinese bellflower, P. grandiflorus is the perfect plant for a sunny border garden, growing in clumps that fill in densely, often reaching over two feet in height.

Platycodon grandiflorus flowers|

It thrives in good, loamy soil that’s well-drained and moderately moist. Here, it establishes a sturdy root system, and seeds dropped at season’s end have every chance of successful germination the following spring.

I like to leave the withered end-of-summer plants for winter interest. Then, late in the next spring after other plants have begun to grow, P. grandiflorus begins to show signs of life. That’s when I prune away the decayed stalks of the previous year.

Are you growing beautiful blue and white balloon flowers? We share our tips:

As summer wears on, and depending upon your energy level and the number of plants you have, you may deadhead to encourage blooming, and you may prune leggy plants for a more compact appearance.

In addition, you may want to consult our Complete Guide to Dividing Perennials if you decide to thin out your plants to make room for others, or to share with gardening friends.

P. grandiflorus likes to be left alone once in the ground, so be sure to approach its fleshy taproot with care.

Platycodon grandiflorus Plant Facts

  • Average moisture
  • Clumping perennial
  • Easy to grow
  • Full sun to part shade
  • Grow from seeds or purchased plants
  • Introduced species
  • May reach over two feet in height
  • Well-drained loamy soil
  • Zones 3 to 8

Where to Buy

Astra Double balloon flower plants in 5-inch pots are available from Nature Hills Nursery.

Astra Double Blue Balloon Flower
Astra Double Blue Balloon Flower

Platycodon ‘Astra Double Blue’ is a hardy disease- and pest-resistant perennial that blooms all summer.

Family Favorite

P. grandiflorus may be sown from seed or plants at any time during the growing season.


If it doesn’t have time to bloom this year, look forward to it next spring.

Ask the kids to help you add this perennial gem to your outdoor space. It’s a great choice for gardening with children because it’s easy to grow, comes back year after year, and the inflated buds never cease to delight. It’s always been my son’s favorite.

Will you be planting P. grandiflorus in your garden this year? Tell us in the comments section below.

Don’t forget to Pin It!

A collage of photos showing purple and white balloon flowers.

Product photo via Nature Hills Nursery. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock.

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About Nan Schiller

Nan Schiller is a writer with deep roots in the soil of southeastern Pennsylvania. Her background includes landscape and floral design, a BS in business from Villanova University, and a Certificate of Merit in floral design from Longwood Gardens. An advocate of organic gardening with native plants, she’s always got dirt under her nails and freckles on her nose. With wit and hopefully some wisdom, she shares what she’s learned and is always ready to dig into a new project!

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Erick Hayden
Erick Hayden

Is it possible for me to have one indoors from year to year? Are there different techniques to enable flowering again after winter with an indoor potted Platycodon?

Mark McGee
Mark McGee

This beautiful flower popped up out of nowhere last summer in of all places my boxwood shrub! There are two adjoining plants this season, the taller one being 55 inches high! Has anyone heard of them growing this tall? They are definitively astra double blue balloon flowers (Platycodon grandifloris).

Mark A McGee
Mark A McGee

I have lots of photos if you’re interested!

Mark McGee
Mark McGee

My pictures are posted on Facebook.


I’m gonna try it. Saw them in nursery and gonna give a try. They were listed as a top 10 perinneal for clay soil on another site? Any insight


When to plant?

Melva Henderson
Melva Henderson

I’m transplanting these. We’ve moved to the woods near a lake in North central Texas, so I’m wondering if the deer are going to eat them. They’re very effortless, & I love the blue.
I’d love to have some white ones!


Love these and luck with them on my deck.


I was wondering about keeping mine in a pot larger than it came in. How do the ones on your deck do in pots?