The Best Cold Hardy Rosemary Varieties

As the Mediterranean is the source of so much goodness on our dinner tables, it’s hardly a surprise that the region is also home to rosemary (Salvia rosmarinus), the pungent member of the mint family that adds the perfect flavor to many dishes.

While US gardeners who live in climates similar to that of the Mediterranean – one that’s warm and dry – are able to grow rosemary year-round, those in more northern climes may fear they are less fortunate.

But no!

A close up vertical picture of a rosemary bush growing in the snow on a soft focus white background with white and green text in the center and to the bottom of the frame.

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Mother Nature has gifted our northern friends with a number of rosemary varieties that can withstand the chill and still reward with garden interest and palate pleasure.

And while there are no varieties that are rated to consistently withstand the brutal chills of -10°F to -20°F temperatures that can occur in Zone 5 and below, with planning and preparation, gardeners in Zones 5, 6, and 7 have fairly solid odds of overwintering their plants.

Let’s learn more about rosemary varieties that – with a little TLC – will do well in cooler areas.

But first we’ll look at the best way to ensure success when growing rosemary in Zones 5 to 7.

If you’d like to learn all there is to know about rosemary, check out our complete growing guide.

Tips for Growing Rosemary in Cold Weather

Before you even install your rosemary plants in the garden, give the process some consideration.

A vertical picture of a large rosemary bush growing outside a wooden house after a snowfall. The top of the plant is covered in a light dusting of snow.
Photo by Lorna Kring

The easiest way to ensure it survives the winter is to plant rosemary in a container, and overwinter it indoors.

If your potful of rosemary has gotten a bit unwieldy, as rosemary is wont to do, you can certainly give it a bit of a haircut before you bring it inside.

However, if your plant is already in the ground, and you’re thinking it might not make it through the winter chill, consider digging it up and replanting it in a container.

A large Salvia rosmarinus bush growing in the garden covered in snow, with just the ends of the branches and leaves visible, fading to soft focus in the background.

Before transplanting, you’ll want to trim it back.

Plan to do this in late August or early September, and why not prepare some grilled rosemary-garlic hamburgers from our sister site Foodal the evening you do the trimming, so you can make use of all those flavorful cuttings.

Read our full guide to protecting rosemary plants in winter here.

A close up vertical picture of a rosemary sprig with small purple flowers covered in a light dusting of snow on a soft focus background.
Photo by Lorna Kring

If you’re set on a permanent outdoor planting, choose your site carefully. You’ll want a sunny, sheltered location, preferably near a building.

After the first frost, prune your plant to about three inches, and completely cover the plant and the growing area with a thick, four- to six-inch layer of mulch.

Learn more about mulching to protect crops in winter here.

Best Cold Tolerant Cultivars to Choose

Most important to ensure overwintering success, of course, is selecting a plant variety that is especially well-suited to withstand cold temperatures. We’ve curated a few options for you:

1. Alcalde

This variety was originally found growing in a northern New Mexico garden and was brought into cultivation by Charles Martin, an agronomist.

In its native habitat, it had withstood years of sub-zero winters at high elevations.

‘Alcalde’ produces pale blue flowers and wide, olive-green leaves.

This upright type grows up to 30 to 36 inches tall and 24 to 26 inches wide.

2. Arp

Considered the most cold-tolerant rosemary variety, ‘Arp’ can withstand temperatures down to -10°F. It grows up to four feet tall and about as wide.

Close up of the 'Arp' variety of Salvia rosmarinus with small blue flowers, on a soft focus background.


The slim leaves are gray-green and the flowers are bright blue. You can prune this upright plant regularly to create a denser form, or to create a topiary.

You can find the lemony-flavored ‘Arp’ variety available at Nature Hills Nursery and from Burpee.

3. Athens Blue Spire

Discovered in 1998 in a crop sown from a packet of commercial rosemary seeds by a horticulture researcher at the University of Georgia, this variety is still making its way to widespread availability.

The researcher culled it for its vigor, cold hardiness, branching, and upright growth habit – it grows to about three feet tall and two feet wide.

‘Athens Blue Spire’ will survive temperatures ranging down to -5°F to -10°F.

4. Madalene Hill (Hill’s Hardy)

Named for a well-known and beloved herb expert, this variety is sometimes misspelled ‘Madeline’ or called ‘Hill’s Hardy.’

‘Hill’s Hardy’

‘Madalene Hill’ grows 36 to 40 inches tall, with an irregular, upright habit.

It is hardy to 0°F. Bees love its nectar-rich, light blue springtime flowers. Its fragrant needles are dark green.

Find live ‘Hill’s Hardy’ rosemary plants in starter pots at IB Prosperity via Amazon.

Safe Passage for a Tasty Plant

Rosemary’s distinctive flavor is so delicious that it’s no surprise gardeners in colder regions would be keen on overwintering their plants.

A close up of a rosemary sprig with frost on its delicate leaves, in the background is the frost-covered bush fading to soft focus.

The keys to doing this are site selection, winter protection, and varietal selection. Choose a variety that is known to be cold hardy, and carefully place it where it will have the best chance against winter’s wrath.

Plants overwintered outdoors should be protected from the elements with lots of mulch.

Looking for rosemary growing tips? Check out these articles next:

Photo of author
A former garden editor for a daily newspaper in Austin, Texas, Gretchen Heber goes through entirely too many pruners and garden gloves in a year’s time. She’s never met a succulent she didn’t like and gets really irritated every 3-4 years when Austin actually has a freeze cold enough to kill them. To Gretchen, nothing is more rewarding than a quick dash to the garden to pluck herbs to season the evening meal. And it’s definitely time for a happy dance when she’s able to beat the squirrels to the peaches, figs, or loquats.

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Janis (@guest_18494)
1 year ago

Are you saying a plant that grows to 4×4 should be cut down to 3″ to overwinter outside?

Lorna Kring
Lorna Kring(@lornakring)
Gardening Writer
Reply to  Janis
1 year ago

No Janis, this wouldn’t work for large, mature plants.

For full-sized plants, mulch the root zone with a four-six inch layer of leafmold or straw.

Temperatures below their hardiness rating can result in losing the tips of exposed stems. If this is a concern for you, loosely cover the plants with burlap or floating row cover material until winter is over.

Thanks for asking!