Smoother Skin from the Garden? Learn How to Grow Loofah

When I was a young girl, we didn’t use washcloths with our baths or showers. We did not have the puffy, plastic mesh scrubbies sold at dollar stores today. We used a loofah sponge, and it wasn’t until I was a grownup that I realized we grew these in our backyard garden!

A basket of green and tan loofa gourds ready to be made into natural sponges.

Loofahs on the market today are sometimes synthetic, meaning they are not made from the gourd plant that these were originally modeled after.

The real deal is a combination of soft and exfoliating, with the ability to absorb just enough water and soap to get a good lather going!

Loofahs obtained naturally from the garden can be of many sizes and shapes, and are great for several household uses beyond washing up in the tub.

Finding Luffah Varieties

First, note that loofah, can be spelled many ways, among them: luffah, luffa, loufa, and even just luff.

Try growing your own loofah sponges with our easy-to-follow tips | GardenersPath.com

Obtaining loofah or luffa gourd seeds hasn’t been as easy in the past few years as when my mother planted them years ago. I actually searched quite a few garden centers and farm supply stores before I them. You might find it easier to search online for this species, which is also called Luffa aegyptiaca or Luffa acutangular.

Square image of dried homegrown luffa sponge, on a beige surface with a tan background.

Heirloom Luffa Seeds

Heirloom luffa seeds are available from Burpee in packets of 25 seeds. These can be harvested young to enjoy at a vegetable, or allowed to grow on the vine for ornamental use as sponges until they reach about 7 inches in length.

Some cultivars are more elongated and skinny than others. Choose a well-rated variety from a seller that has shown success with their harvests.

Planting Sponges in Your Garden

In the spring, when the danger of a hard frost has passed, plant the seeds in the same manner you would any squash, pumpkin, or melon.

Make several hills, about a foot apart, along a fence or other climbing surface. These plants love to grow upward and wrap around anything near them.

Giving them a place to hang will help them keep the fruits from spoiling closer to harvest season.

Learn how to grow the multipurpose loofah plant now at Gardener's Path: https://gardenerspath.com/plants/vegetables/grow-loofah/

You can plant two seeds in every hill if you’d like to increase your odds of ensuring that one plant will grow.

When each seedling has grown to about two inches tall, thin to a single plant per hill.

Luffa gourds need to be kept adequately watered, and they really like sun.

Special Treatment

If you’ve had experience removing the first flowers and the male flowers of other plant breeds, you may choose to implement this technique with the loofah. Otherwise, I’ve found it to be best to just leave it alone, as this practice tends to damage vines.

I also treat my luffah plants to a regular dusting of diatomaceous earth in the late summer and early fall, when squash beetles are most dangerous.

Bright yellow flowers characterize loofah squash plants, which you can learn grow at home now at Gardener's Path: https://gardenerspath.com/plants/vegetables/grow-loofah/

You will want to keep an eye on any “strangled” gourds that may become entrapped in the climbing fence.

When the luffah fruits are small, be sure that they are on just one side of the fence. Many will try to poke through fence gaps and grow on both sides of the boundary at once, resulting in deformed fruit that cannot be harvested later.

Harvest Timing is Everything

Picking the loofah is similar to the method for harvesting any other squash or melon.

You will want to pinch or cut the fruit off at the vine, leaving the plant in good shape for any other gourds that need to finish ripening. Knowing just when to harvest, however, is a bit of a challenge.

Loofah is an edible plant, so you can harvest young and eat them in the same manner you would a young zucchini or summer squash.

Grow loofah squash for the sponge, but sample one or two at the dinner table | GardenersPath.com

They are fickle plant in terms of taste, going from tender to terrible in a manner of weeks.

For this reason, many choose to use them for their unique main purpose, allowing them to stay on the vine for a late summer or early fall harvest. These growers are interested in the sponge, of course!

If you know that frost is coming soon, you must pick. Even slightly unripe loofahs can be used, although they may be smaller in size.

Otherwise, when the fruit feels very light, and the skin has become dry and dark in color, it’s ready to harvest.

Preparing the Sponge

Now comes the unique task of turning gourd into sponge. I find the loofah to be a smelly gourd, so you will want to do this work outside, on a garden table or patio. You’ll need:

  • A large stone or rolling pin
  • Bucket of warm water with a teaspoon of bleach
  • Scissors or pruning shears

Start by laying the luffah on a flat, solid surface. Strike it with the rolling pin or stone, knocking off as much of the dried outer skin as you can. You may also see some seeds come loose during this process – this is a good thing!

You can grow luffa squash to eat or to turn into sponges | GardenersPath.com

Any stubborn skin fragments can be peeled off with your fingers or cut away gently with the shears. I personally find the skins to be tough for my arthritic hands to peel, so the shears are nice to have.

The riper the gourd, the easier it will be to peel. If you had to pick some immature gourds, you’ll find the skin harder to remove. For these, cutting one end off with the shears and peeling like a banana may be your best strategy.

A stack of dried and prepared brown sponges made from loofa gourds.

Once the skin and seeds are gone, you’ll find a coarse, fibrous material inside. It should be yellowing, brown, or even black.

You can soak the dark and somewhat unappealing loofahs so that they appear more fresh and clean, if you wish. A quick bath in a solution of bleach water (one teaspoon bleach to a gallon of water) for a few minutes will do.

Rinse the gourds by spraying with a high-pressure hose. You may also wash them in soapy water. All of the seeds, and any rotten material or signs of mold should be removed completely.

Allow the gourds to dry in the sun over the course of a day on a towel spread out on your garden table. Turn regularly to dry evenly, and get rid of all the moisture.

Once completely dry, you can store luffah sponges anywhere in your home that is dry and free from pests.

Additional Uses

In addition to making a great bath time exfoliator, they are effective at washing up around the house.

These homegrown sponges work wonders on grout, make a scratch-free option for cleaning delicate porcelain, and even help to remove grass stains when used with your favorite laundry pre-treater.

I’m especially fond of how they take grime off my cast iron pans!

Learn how to grow your own loofah sponges | GardenersPath.com

The same loofah can be used over and over, provided you keep it clean after each use and allow it to dry. You may hang it in a mesh lingerie bag on the clothesline or put it in your dish drainer between uses.

One harvest will last an entire year until the next fall’s crop comes in!

Odd Gourd Produces Fantastic Results

Growing loofah is a somewhat lost art that I’d love to see make a comeback in gardens everywhere!

They are a basic gourd, with the same needs as most decorative vines, but with the added benefit of a tasty young fruit.

Grow luffa squash and make your own sponges: https://gardenerspath.com/plants/vegetables/grow-loofah/

With just a two or three plants a year, you can also equip your home and vanity with durable, sustainable cleaning and grooming tools that put their synthetic counterparts to shame!

This sponge also makes a special gift. Many gardeners have found success selling them at farmer’s markets, craft shows, and online at sites like ebay and Etsy!

Have you ever grown luffa? What ways can you think to use this miracle gourd? I’d love to hear your stories, especially how you’ve successfully removed the stubborn seeds and skin!

And if your enjoy gourds like we do, you’ll love some of our other guides:


Don’t forget to Pin It

A collage of photos showing different views of a loofahs being grown.

© Ask the Experts, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for more details. Originally published February 15, 2019. Last updated: June 26, 2020 at 23:49 pm. Photo credit: Shutterstock.

About Linsey Knerl

Born and raised in a small Nebraska town, Linsey Knerl is a homeschooling mother of six who enjoys blogging and working hard on her 3 1/2-acre Nebraska homestead. When she’s not working on her next fantasy novel, you will find her in her kitchen, perfecting the Danish recipes of her grandmother with those special ingredients you can only find in a backyard garden.

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Judy Custer
Judy Custer (@guest_318)
3 years ago

Enjoyed your article, I had no idea! Thank you

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Judy Custer
3 years ago

Thanks so much for reading, Judy! Any plans to plant some of your own? We’d love to see the results at harvest time. Happy gardening!

Irene W
Irene W (@guest_2181)
2 years ago

Hi, I came across your article when searching for tips on how to grow loofah. My loofah plants are thriving in the garden but only with lots and lots of vine+leaves, and male flowers. Is there anything that i can do to promote the growth of female flowers? Thank you!

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Irene W
2 years ago

Great question, Irene. Have you ever had your soil tested? While high nitrogen in the soil can cause lots of plants to grow beautiful green, leafy foliage, that’s obviously not what we’re going for with fruiting plants. For loofah in particular, boosting the phosphorus content in the soil can help. There will also typically be more male than female flowers on a healthy plant, but pollination can be an issue. Do you have a lot of pollinators in the area, and have you noticed them visiting your plants? If you do eventually get your plants to produce any female flowers… Read more »

David
David (@guest_3195)
1 year ago

Just got some seeds from a fellow gardener. Going to give them a try this year. I’m in SC, too hot for them @ 80s 90s all summer?

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  David
1 year ago

Loofah does well in warm climates, and can be direct sown in USDA hardiness zones 7a and higher!

janis moore
janis moore (@guest_10522)
Reply to  David
22 days ago

I grow them in Arkansas. They love the heat but like to be watered every day.

Willow
Willow (@guest_3299)
1 year ago

Hi Lindsey, My folks are big gourd growers and their town boasts the biggest gourd festival around…maybe in the US, I don’t know. But growing up, they grew loofah gourds. My job was shaking all the seeds out of the dried gourds. It was fun….for a while. 😎 We grow edible gourds just for eating now. Check out the varieties at Baker Creek Seeds.

Laura
Laura (@guest_3909)
1 year ago

Can we grow them at home or on the balcony? X

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Laura
1 year ago

This plant can absolutely be grown at home, and it loves to climb. With a 5-gallon pot and a sturdy trellis, loofah can thrive in a small space.

Kristy Kerins
Kristy Kerins (@guest_3958)
Reply to  Allison Sidhu
1 year ago

Hi can I plant the seeds from a dried loofa directly into the ground ?

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Kristy Kerins
1 year ago

Absolutely, Kristy! Direct sowing seeds that you’ve saved is a great way to grow this plant. Just keep in mind that you may be in for some surprises – loofah crosses easily with other squash and gourds if grown nearby.

Nancy Smeltzer
Nancy Smeltzer (@guest_4963)
1 year ago

When do loofah plants flower? My vines are huge but no flowers. What has gone wrong. It is September in Ohio.

Amy T
Amy T (@guest_4981)
Reply to  Nancy Smeltzer
1 year ago

My vines were huge before I finally got flowers and eventually some loofas! Hopefully you will see them soon. Im in Ohio also. Good luck!

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Nancy Smeltzer
1 year ago

Sorry to hear that your vines haven’t produced, Nancy! Do you know what type you are growing, and was there any information about the expected number of days to maturity on the seed packet? Loofah plants generally reach maturity about 90 days after germination, and this and other curcubits generally flower about 30-50 days after germination. Some varieties take even longer, and though I am not familiar with growing these personally, I have heard of day length sensitive varieties that require a certain amount of daylight hours per day, which gardeners sometimes artificially adjust with daylight blocking row covers. Since… Read more »

Amy T
Amy T (@guest_4982)
1 year ago

I found this article about harvesting your gourds and thought I would share. Easy way to clean them and peel the skin. Its from the NC State Extension Publications.

https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/commercial-luffa-sponge-gourd-production#section_heading_4057

[Content redacted by editors for copyright reasons and link inserted]

Jeanine Davis

Melody Wright
Melody Wright (@guest_4994)
1 year ago

I have free loofah seeds from this year if interested. First year planting them and OVERLY successful!

Kerstin
Kerstin (@guest_5174)
Reply to  Melody Wright
1 year ago

Just found this link, do you still have seeds?

Brenda Moody
Brenda Moody (@guest_5608)
Reply to  Melody Wright
10 months ago

Hello melody…could you please send me some seeds…I live in Canada nova Scotia . ..the east coast mailing adress…Box46 2487 old mill rd.annapolis county nova Scotia B0p1w0 . Thank you..it will be exciting to see if someone will send . ..

Jane Trovinger
Jane Trovinger (@guest_10275)
Reply to  Brenda Moody
1 month ago

Brenda Moody. This is our first year of growing them, if they turn out and have seeds i will send you some.
Jane.

Judy Ludovise
Judy Ludovise (@guest_5679)
Reply to  Melody Wright
10 months ago

Hi Melody, I am in California and would love a few seeds! Thanks….😁

Tam Lindsay
Tam Lindsay (@guest_5689)
Reply to  Melody Wright
10 months ago

I’m in the UK and would love to try growing them, if you are able to post any seeds to me please?

Amy
Amy (@guest_5022)
1 year ago

Loofa’s are a pain in the ass! I finally have my first two on the vines after an unsuccessful first attempt last year. My concern is that it’s the first week in September and they are only the size of a pencil. Will they have enough time to mature and dry on the vine??

Claudia
Claudia (@guest_5259)
1 year ago

I was able to grow loofah in my front yard successfully! One loofah alone produced at least a hundred seeds! I have about ten loofahs in my yard! I am grateful for this blessing from our earth

Brenda Moody
Brenda Moody (@guest_5607)
10 months ago

Would like to. Now where can I get my luffa seeds?

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Brenda Moody
10 months ago

Seeds are available from Burpee, Brenda! Check the “Finding Luffah Varieties” section near the top of the article for links.

Judy Ludovise
Judy Ludovise (@guest_5678)
10 months ago

Will the loofah reseed or do you need to plant new ones each year?

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Judy Ludovise
9 months ago

Loofah doesn’t reseed easily since the seeds are contained within the gourds, but you can save your own seeds after harvest for replanting the next year.

LINDA LEE
LINDA LEE (@guest_5720)
9 months ago

Hello, I really like your article very helpful Thank you for sharing. I want to test my soil, AZ. what do I look for and what should I fertilize them with? I grew them one yr great then nothing since.

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  LINDA LEE
9 months ago

Have you replanted seeds every year, Linda? Loofah is an annual vine, but you can collect seeds from your own plants at the end of the season for replanting in the spring. Planting too early or too late may cause seeds to fail to sprout or thrive, and a lack of water during the hottest months can cause damage to vines or failure to produce fruit. If you’re planning to have your soil tested, these plants like phosphorus and they don’t require too much nitrogen. They grow best in slightly acidic well-draining soil of a variety of types, though they… Read more »

Tisha
Tisha (@guest_5992)
8 months ago

Grew my first loofah last year! My mom always told me about growing them to be loofahs with my grandma. This year we plan to go all in to grow more loofahs.

Kristina
Kristina (@guest_6105)
7 months ago

My Grandmother grew these when I was a little girl. While planning my garden for this year I found seeds in the Baker Creek seed catalog and ordered some. Since I have never grown them before I was looking for information and came across your article. Thank you. I agree, I would like to see more people growing these.

Janet
Janet (@guest_7166)
6 months ago

Hello. How many fruit do you get off one vine?

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Janet
6 months ago

Hi Janet,

That depends on a variety of factors, including how much space you have available, whether you’re able to provide ideal growing conditions, and the type of loofah that you’re growing. Yields can vary depending on the length of the vines, nutrient makeup of the soil, weather conditions, and so on. According to Jeanine M. Davis and Charles D. DeCourley at the Horticulture and Landscape Architecture Department at the College of Agriculture at Purdue University, gourds per plant that they tested ranged from 3.5 to 20 on average.

janis moore
janis moore (@guest_10523)
22 days ago

I love growing them, the only thing I can grow successfully so they must just be easy. I have plenty of seeds. Be glad to send to anyone that wants them. email me the address. jmmssm @ gmail.com

Lauren Barela
Lauren Barela (@guest_10526)
Reply to  janis moore
22 days ago

Hi Janis, just sent you an email.