How to Divide Aloe Plants in 5 Simple Steps

Are your Aloe vera plants starting to take up too much space?

That means it’s time to give them some extra room to grow and create new plants that you can share with others as gifts by dividing them.

A close up vertical image of aloe plants growing in the garden. To the top and bottom of the frame is green and white printed text.

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There are over 400 species of aloe. In this guide, I’ll focus on dividing the types that grow low to the ground, not the tree-like ones, which entails a different process.

You can learn more about the different aloe species by checking out our guide that covers various types.

Now, let’s dive into the step-by-step how-to that will show you how to easily divide these fantastic succulents.

Here’s what’s ahead:

By following these straightforward steps, you can easily divide your A. vera plants and keep them thriving for years.

This process is a great way to keep them healthy and looking their best.

1. Select a Specimen

First, to determine when to divide your aloe plant, you should look for signs of mature pups starting to overcrowd and get cramped in the area where they are planted, either in the ground or in a pot.

A close up horizontal image of densely packed succulent plants growing in the garden.

Since these succulents are resilient, you can do this any time.

However, I like to divide them during late fall or winter in southern California since it can get sweltering here at other times of year.

I would have to water them more often to encourage root development at times when the soil dries quickly, so it’s better to divide when the weather is cooler.

2. Unpot or Dig Up

Next, carefully remove the plant from its pot or garden bed.

A close up horizontal image of divisions of an aloe plant set on a wooden surface.

If they’re growing in the ground, you can use a shovel to dig them up, and if they’re growing in a pot, you can either set the pot and its side and wiggle out the plant, or if the pot is larger, you can also use a shovel to uproot them.

A close up of a gardener using a dig and pry tool to lift plants in the garden.

Dig and Pry Tool

The sharp, wide teeth of this Dig and Pry Tool available at Gardener’s Supply Company does an amazing job at cutting through the toughest perennial clumps in the garden, making separating or moving established plants a breeze!

3. Locate Offsets or Natural Separations

Thanks to the resiliency of this succulent, its roots are not as sensitive as some, and it will be forgiving if you damage a few roots here and there.

A close up horizontal image of a gardener's hands cupping the leaves of a succulent aloe.

Gently shake or brush off any excess soil from the roots and look for natural separations in the plant, such as offsets growing from the main section, to begin dividing them.

4. Create Divisions

Use a sharp, clean knife to cut through the roots and separate the offsets from the main plant.

A close up horizontal image of succulent divisions ready for transplanting.

You now have additional succulents that you can cultivate in new pots or garden beds. You may also share your divisions with loved ones!

5. Transplant

When transplanting your divided succulents, choose a pot with drainage holes in the bottom or a garden bed with excellent drainage.

Fill the pot with a well-draining soil mix, leaving about an inch of space at the top.

Why not transplant them into a stunning container like this authentic Talavera Chata planter from Plow & Hearth?

A close up square image of a decorative Talavera planter.

Talavera Chata Planter

Its eye-catching shape with hand-painted details and texture will delight anyone!

Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the established roots and then place the division in the center of the new pot or garden area.

A close up horizontal image of a gardener transplanting divisions of a succulent into a small pot.

Fill any empty space with soil, gently pressing down to secure it in place.

Aloe prefers bright, indirect sunlight, so place the pot or cultivate them where they can receive plenty of natural light.

Be sure to water the plant regularly but avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot.

Allow the newly transplanted divisions to settle for a few weeks before resuming their regular care routine.

If you need a refresher on how to grow aloe, check out our guide.

Sharing Succulents

With this guide handy, your new A. vera succulents will thrive. Enjoy the beauty and benefits of these divided plants in your garden or share with family and friends!

A close up horizontal image of aloe plants growing in the garden ready for division.

Dividing plants ensures they have a long future, and by sharing them with others, we can help increase access to resilient aloes.

How often do you divide your aloe plants? Please share your experience with us in the comments below to help encourage other gardeners to do the same.

Ready to learn more about caring for aloe in your home and garden? Read these guides next:

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Kat Sanchez is a first-generation mixed Chicana with Balkan and Irish ancestry, born and raised in Los Angeles, California. She is a writer, herbalist, and aromatherapist who has been gardening for over 20 years. Kat enjoys growing native plants, pollinator-friendly flowers, heirloom edibles, herbs, and aromatic plants. Her regenerative gardening approach focuses on creating biodiverse and habitat-friendly landscapes that serve as healing spaces.

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