7 Top Elderberry Varieties to Grow in Your Backyard

Though they are not widely known, elderberries are one of the most versatile and productive plants in the garden world.

A mass of black elderberries hanging on a branch.

Native to many parts of the United States, they have offered shade, protection, beautiful flowers, and a tasty berry to their keepers and the local wildlife for generations. In short, they require very little care and give back so much!

Whether you choose to grow them as a hedge, a place for butterflies to visit, or for food and medicinal recipes, you won’t be disappointed by the benefits they offer. And this plant is hearty enough for even first-time growers to master.

If you live in a growing zone that is pleasing to this shrub, I highly recommend giving elderberries a chance.

Choose the perfect elderberry bush for your yard from our list of Top 7 varieties | GardenersPath.com

You can certainly propagate existing plants – especially if you are fortunate to have them growing wild in your region. But many gardeners choose to buy proven varieties from nurseries and garden centers.

The Best Elderberry Tree and Shrub Varieties

We’ve identified seven of our favorite cultivars for the home gardener to include:

  1. Adams
  2. Black Beauty
  3. Black Lace
  4. Blue
  5. European Red
  6. Lemon Lace
  7. York

1. Adams

This native cultivar of Sambucus canadensis goes by the common name “Adams.” It is one of the most common elderberries grown in North America and is similar to those found growing wild.

Adams Elderberry

The signature white flowers, and large clusters of dark purple fruits, make it easily identifiable as a beautiful yard accent.

At full height, this beautiful bush can reach between 6 and 10 feet tall. It will thrive in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9.

Find this plant for sale as a 4” potted shrub available from Amazon.

2. Black Beauty

A new import from Europe, this variety has very dark leaves, pinkish blooms, and a unique lemon scent.

It is best suited for US growing zones 4-7 and prefers moist or even wet growing conditions.

Black Beauty
Black Beauty

A smaller elderberry breed, this plant will grow to no more than 6 feet at maturity, but responds well to pruning.

Like other elderberries, it produces luscious fruits that have become popular for making delicious wines. Buy two to ensure proper cross-pollination.

You can find this plant for sale as a potted shrub from Nature Hills Nursery.

3. Black Lace

This unique version of the common Sambucus plant has dark leaves that appear lacey throughout the growing season. When the flowers come on, you’ll be delighted to find that they are pink!

This plant also produces the same versatile berry as other more common varietals.

Black Lace Elderberry
Black Lace Elderberry

Many gardeners find that the plant’s need for moisture makes it a perfect rain garden addition.

A bit smaller than other bushes, these plants will grow to just 8 feet tall at full height. It’s easy to prune, so feel free to trim it to the height that works best with your landscape design plans.

The Black Lace variety thrives in US Hardiness Zones 4-7. It is available as a shrub from Nature Hills.

4. Blue

This plant is native to the western United States, Mexico, and the West Coast.

With large, powdery-blue berries, it can sometimes be confused for a form of blueberry. The fruits on this stunning bush are known for having a rich flavor.

Blue Elderberry

This blue variety differs from others in that it grows best from seed. It thrives in warmer regions, and therefore is best suited for growing zones 3 through 10.

Seeds for this unique plant are available from Amazon.

5. European Red

This imported beauty has amazing cherry-red fruits in the fall, and light green, feathery foliage makes it a beautiful yard accent.

Owners of the plant are usually stunned by how attracted birds and pollinators are to the large, showy flowers. Butterflies are almost always nearby!

Red Elderberry Seeds

Propagate in the spring for a full-grown, eye-catching bush within two to three years. It has the potential to reach up to 20 feet tall in growing zones 3-8. Please note that some experts caution against eating varieties with red berries, and many favor black varieties since red ones tend to be pungent and bitter, with many seeds.

Purchase seeds to start this plant from Amazon.

6. Lemon Lace

Also known as Lemony Lace, this is a very hardy and showy plant that has feathery, light-colored leaves. S. racemose produces red fruits in the fall, after the white flower bunches have died away.

Lemony Lace Elderberry
Lemony Lace Elderberry

Amazingly deer-, cold-, and wind-resistant, it does well in full sun and is a prized plant in the northern United States. It’s versatile enough, however, to thrive in partial shade in southern states as well.

Plant in zones 3-7 and enjoy this adaptable plant with its uniquely beautiful chartreuse color. Please note that some experts cautions against eating S. racemose cultivars, i.e. those with red berries.

Lemony Lace shrubs are available from Nature Hills.

7. York

Another old-style elderberry, this one is reported to have the largest berries and the highest fruit yield.

This resilient breed is also cold tolerant, making it a perfect choice for zones 3-9. Many growers use it as a natural fencing solution, since bushes can grow up to 12 feet tall.

York Elderberry
York Elderberry

Fall brings about a beautiful color change in this plant. Foliage becomes bright red before dropping off for the winter.

York is a cultivar of the American canadenesis, and is available as a shrub from Nature Hills Nursery.

York and Adams elderberry with white flowers and dark purple fruit, on a shrub with green leaves.

Elderberry Collection, 2 Bare Root Plants

Though most varieties of elderberry are self-fruiting, you can encourage higher yields by planting another cultivar of the same species nearby. York and Adams make excellent companions, and you can purchase bare root plants paired conveniently in the Elderberry Collection that is available from Burpee.

Which Plant is Best?

With so many options to choose from, it may be difficult to decide on a favorite. Luckily, most elderberries grow well together, giving you the choice to try multiple breeds for a rainbow of florals.

Check out our list of the best elderberry varieties to plant in your yard: https://gardenerspath.com/plants/fruit/best-elderberry-varieties/

If it is your first time growing, you will likely do well with an established bush in a pot.

Remember that every breed thrives in moisture and works well in butterfly ecosystems. You can’t go wrong with the benefits that these varieties provide!

Learn more about growing elderberries from our helpful how-to article.

Which elderberry species or cultivar do you have experience growing? Do you prefer to choose by foliage, flower, or berry? Please leave your pick of the best in the comments! And since we know that you’re a berry fan, be sure to check out our article on growing mulberry trees.


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A collage of photos showing different types of elderberries.

Product photos via Hirt’s Gardens, Nature Hills Nursery, Arvice Seeds, and rusli8. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock.

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About Linsey Knerl

Born and raised in a small Nebraska town, Linsey Knerl is a homeschooling mother of six who enjoys blogging and working hard on her 3 1/2-acre Nebraska homestead. When she’s not working on her next fantasy novel, you will find her in her kitchen, perfecting the Danish recipes of her grandmother with those special ingredients you can only find in a backyard garden.

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Hannah Keir
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Hannah Keir

I grew up in northeastern Pennsylvania on wild elderberries. I now live in southeastern Arizona, a completely different growing zone, and I miss them! I want to cultivate a medicinal garden, and I would be so happy to find a variety that can grow in zone 8-9. Any suggestions?

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Thanks for your question, Hannah. There are several types that will do well in your zone, including the Adams, Blue, and York cultivars. Good luck this season- let us know how adding them to your Arizona medicinal garden goes!

daniel
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daniel

Hi, I also grew up in Penna. and on wild elderberries, to me its the best pie I have ever had… and like you we moved to the desert close to Golden Valley and Bullhead City. We have been trying to grow elderberries here… the first two years the sun and heat was and is brutal on the plant – no matter how much I watered, it wasn’t enough to develop fruit/berries. We have weeks of 100+ degree heat and the sun is also very damaging to the plants. This year we went to the extreme and built a shade… Read more »

Cissy Vaughn
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Cissy Vaughn

Hi, Daniel— Wow, please post your Elderberry Pie Recipe– I haven’t been as intrigued by anything in quite a while! Thanks!!

Emma
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Emma

Question- I live in Las Vegas Nevada, I want to grow elderberries and wonder if they will do well in this NEVADA heat followed by cold in the winter? What is the best variety to grow and is it better to plant them in shade or mostly sun?

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Emma, Well, let’s see… Las Vegas spans zones 9a to 8b, so you may be able to grow types that are tolerant of this climate, such as the ‘Adams’ or ‘York’ varieties – but it isn’t going to be easy. The winter will be manageable, since all cultivars that I know of are cold hardy, as long as proper irrigation is provided. It’s the daytime heat of the summer that will be your main concern. Salty and easily compacted soil are issues common to your area as well. Of course, taking on challenges and growing delicious produce as a… Read more »

moranda sanders
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moranda sanders

I want to grow elderberries to make syrups, jams, jellies and wines. I am located in Louisiana. Which plant would be best for these recipes?

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Thanks for your question, Moranda! In Louisiana, you are likely located in USDA Hardiness Zone 8 or 9. The Adams and Blue varieties should do well, but the York is our favorite for canning and winemaking, since it offers prolific yields. Good luck, and happy gardening!

Eileen
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Eileen

I live in CT – what type do you recommend me getting? Or what 2 different types for cross pollination? Thanks so much.

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Eileen. You’ll definitely help to ensure bigger harvests if you plant a few different types near each other. This is a great idea! Even though CT isn’t particularly large, you do have some variation in climate across the state, with growing zones stretching from 5b in the north to 7a in the south. Any elderberry cultivar should act as a good pollinator for other types. York and Adams do well together, and should produce nicely in your zone if given the right growing conditions. Planting cultivars with different maturation dates will also help to provide an ongoing harvest- and… Read more »

Jaimee
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Jaimee

I live in Long Island, NY on the north shore and am dreaming about starting a medicinal garden in my backyard as well as purchasing a farm either upstate NY, western MA or PA to grow elderberries on a larger scale. Any advice on what varieties would do well in these areas? Thank you!

Wanda
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Wanda

OK, so I live in Upstate SC and want to plant elderberry bushes. I have read about several of them. However, all of them except the “Common Elderberry” say they are a 2 year plant. Therefore I take it you could plant the Common Elderberry and any other variety and only have to re-plant one of them every other year. Do I have this correct? Which plants do you suggest for Spartanburg, SC?

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Wanda. Thanks for your question. Spartanburg is located in USDA Hardiness Zone 7b, or Zone 7a if you reside a bit outside the city and further to the north. And lucky for you, all of the varieties that we recommend in this article do well in this growing zone, as long as they have the right growing conditions! I’m not sure where you got the information about two-year or biennial plants. Elderberries are perennials that typically start producing fruit within 1-3 years of planting, and they will continue to produce for many years, given the right conditions. They are… Read more »

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Jaimee. Wow, this sounds fantastic! On the north shore of Long Island you’re in zone 7a, and all of the varieties that we recommend in this guide should do well there. I’d need more detail to know more specifically what growing zone you would be in depending on where your farming plans might take you- the USDA offers an excellent interactive hardiness zone map that you can search by zip code, and I recommend checking that out. To give you a rough idea, for update NY you’re probably looking at zones 3b-6a, depending on how far upstate you go.… Read more »

Frank Holmes
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Frank Holmes

I read that the Red Elderberry that grows in the
lower Cascades here in Oregon is poisonous?

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Thanks for your question, Frank! First and foremost, it’s important to proceed with caution when you’re considering eating any new or previously unknown foraged foods. The roots, bark, and leaves of the red elderberry are definitely poisonous, but the jury’s still out on the fruit itself – indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest harvested, processed, and ate these berries for countless generations, but on the other hand, some studies suggest that the seeds may contain toxic compounds. This is important, since the red variety is packed with seeds! Whether or not they’re actually poisonous, they’re not very palatable, and are… Read more »

Carol
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Carol

My lemony lace elderberry came with a warning label not to eat the berries, which is not a problem as the birds are quick to get them anyway. Also, the deer nibble on the new growth in spring and summer. That being said, it is the prettiest addition to my garden, it practically glows.

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Thanks for the feedback, Carol! We double checked, and you’re right- unlike the black lace (an S. nigra cultivar) which has black berries, the lemony lace cultivar is a cross between ‘Sutherland Gold’ and ‘Dropmore Fernleaf,’ both varieties of S. racemosa- or red elderberry. Though it’s up for debate whether or not these berries should be eaten (see our earlier reply to a question about the wild variety that grows in the Cascades), it’s always better to err on the side of caution if you are uncertain- and the birds do love them! As for enjoying the foliage, kudos to… Read more »

ruby
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ruby

Hi!

I love this article. I have been researching elderberries because I am trying to figure out if we can grow them in a narrow area (SE section) of our yard. I read it spreads by suckers. Can we control the spreading since the area we are planning to plant is really narrow? The area is 10 ft wide with a pathway so we can access the air conditioning unit that is situated there. We are in Raleigh, NC.

Thanks!
Ruby

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Thanks for your question, Ruby! Elderberries do spread by suckers, though some varieties spread more readily than others, and this also depends on whether they have an ideal growing environment or not. Like any plant that spreads this way (such as lilacs), you’ll want to dig out the unwanted suckers once a year or so, and stay on top of this to prevent unwanted spread. Suckers that you dig up can be used to start new plants in another area of your garden, or you can share with a gardening friend! An area 10 feet wide may be a tight… Read more »

Matthew
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Matthew

I’m considering trying to make cuttings of elderberries near me to plant as a hedge row on an often wet side of my driveway. Is there a particular variety to look for or buy for that kind of purpose, or will Adams & York do as well as any other? I mention them because I know they can be found in the area (Central Maine, Zone 4b). Cheers!

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Matthew. Thanks for your question! York and Adams make a great pairing, but York might not be the best choice for a hedge since it doesn’t grow as tall as other varieties. If height is what you’re after, European varieties (S. nigra) tend to grow the tallest in comparison to the American (S. canadensis) cultivars. Try ‘Beauty’ or ‘Black Lace’ if height is what you’re after. Otherwise, if you’re okay with maxing out around 6 or 12 feet, the average top heights at maturity for York and Adams respectively, these should do well in your area. Keep in mind… Read more »

Libby Hamilton
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Libby Hamilton

I live in SE Kansas. What would be the best variety? We used elderberry syrup this year for the first time and would like to grow our own.

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Libby! It looks like you’re in growing zone 6a, so any of our recommended varieties will do well, given that your planting location provides the right conditions. Be sure to grow at least two plants to get the best harvest. Good luck, and enjoy the homemade syrup once your berries come in!

Sheron
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Sheron

Hello, I live in Farmington, N.M., which I believe is zone 6 a. I’m looking for a bush or tree that will provide food and protection for birds. There are hawks in the area and I would like to offer birds a sanctuary here. I need something that grows at least 6 ft.and the foliage is dense. We are pretty dry here but I could supplement the area through irrigation. The trees are shaded in the morning but would have full sun in the afternoon. Do you think elderberries would be a good fit for my requirements? I was thinking… Read more »

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Sheron, thanks for your question. Many varieties will do well in your zone, and the S. negra species is known for its height in comparison to the American variety. But S. canadensis types like the Adams can also grow to fit your height requirements. If you’re able to plant another cultivar in addition to the Adams, you should do well with ensuring good cross-pollination. The birds will be thrilled! But keep in mind that they do prefer cool and moist but well-draining locations with some shade over anything hot and dry. With a good irrigation plan, this could work.… Read more »

Peggy Wyman
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Peggy Wyman

I live in Idaho Falls, Idaho (Zone 5). I just planted 2 American Elderberries (Sambucus canadensis) today. I have another elderberry that never produces fruit, but does flower. It’s probably 4-6 years old and I don’t know the variety. What varieties do you recommend for cross pollination? How close do they need to be together? I want to be able to eat all the fruit without worry (meaning not the red ones!)

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Peggy. Thanks for your question! S. negra is well-regarded for its fruit, as is S. canadensis. It’s the S. racemose varieties that you want to avoid if you’re not a fan of the red fruit. Usually planting any two cultivars of the same species within 60 feet of each other should suffice for good cross-pollination, with at least two plants. All types are known to be partially self-fruiting, so it’s surprising that you’ve never seen any fruit at all on the plant that you have. Could be an issue with the fertility of the soil. Can you describe anything… Read more »

Peggy Wyman
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Peggy Wyman

Thanks for your reply. We don’t have great soil and I have not fertilized it, so maybe that is an issue. It is probably at least 5 years old. It gets quite a bit of sun, but is in shade in the morning. The plant itself looks healthy. Hopefully my new plants will produce, but they are all the same variety, so I’ll probably buy one more variety. I will look for S negra.

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Peggy! Shade in the morning and a plant that looks generally healthy are both good things! The Horticulture Dept. at Cornell recommends fertilizing every spring with ammonium nitrate, and checking your soil’s pH before you start isn’t a bad idea- 5.5-6.6 is recommended for these to thrive. Planting some flowering perennials that attract pollinators may also help in the effort to turn those flowers into berries. If you haven’t already, check out our post on growing elderberry for more tips beyond the varietal advice offered here.

Francis Keays
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Francis Keays

I live in Kuna, ID and saw that I am in 6b zone. But communities that are around me are in 7a. Is there much of a difference and what edible plant would do best here? We have very hot summers and cold winters. I am not looking for height, just pleasant eating, baking and making syrup,

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Francis, thanks for your question. Many gardeners have noticed that their growing zones have shifted over the past decade or so, and local microclimates have an effect on our gardens that the general USDA Hardiness Zone map does not always indicate. Which can make it difficult to figure out what you should plant! There’s not much of a difference between the zones in your case, but keep the conditions in your own garden – in terms of available light, qualities of the soil, etc. – in mind. With appropriate growing conditions, Adams and York are both cold tolerant, with… Read more »

Tracy
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Tracy

We live in Prescott, Arizona (Zone 7). I’m looking for an elderberry that can be used for medicinal reasons and I don’t want it to get too tall. Can you recommend one for me? Also, can I have just one shrub or are two needed for cross pollination? Thank you!

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Tracy! They’re self-fruitful to some extent, but you can expect bigger harvests with at least two plants grown in close proximity. Stick to American varieties of S. canadensis (rather than European S. nigra) if you’re looking for a shorter stature. But keep in mind, many of these will still reach 10 feet or more. With the right conditions, Adams or Johns should do well. Nova is another nice cultivar that has less of a horizontal spread. Just be sure that it’s watered adequately, especially during those long Arizona dry spells! Shade is going to be key if you want… Read more »

Tracy
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Tracy

I’m back and now have the space to grow Hawthorns that can get large. With that in mind, and still living in Prescott, AZ (Zone 7), do you still recommend the Adams or Johns or Nova? I also want to make sure the berries are medicinal. Thank you.

Tracy
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Tracy

I mean Elderberries! I want both actually but since this is about Elderberry plants, I’ll stick with that!

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Yes, these are still recommended! If you’re OK with height, S. nigra varieties can be planted as well. Any cultivar that produces an edible berry could be used medicinally, though we can’t provide any specific recommendations on that front (and recommend consulting with a medical professional).

Thanks for your mention of hawthorn- this is on our list to cover in an upcoming article. smile

Tracy
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Tracy

Allison, I found a place that sells the Adams and Johns! They tell me that the pH of the soil needs to be between 5.5 and 6.5. Our soil is 7.2. Do you think that will be a problem? Their suggestion is to add soil sulfur which I don’t mind doing when we plant them but am hoping this won’t have to be an ongoing thing. Thanks!

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

A soil test was a great idea! In addition to the pH, what type of soil do you have? Spring is a great time to amend the soil with sulfur, so that’s a plus. But this isn’t a quick process, and it’s best to do when plants are not already present. The Michigan State University Extension has some great information on this, but here’s a quick summary for you: It isn’t the sulfur itself that does the job, but rather, bacteria in the soil converts it into something that the plants can use (converting the sulfur to sulfuric acid, and… Read more »

Tracy
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Tracy

Our soil texture is Sandy Clay Loam. I’d like to plant the elderberries next Spring so I wonder if it would hurt to amend the soil now with soil sulfur so that it can get a head start. Thanks for your advice!

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Amending now is a great idea. Sandy soils need less sulfur whereas clay usually requires more, but this combination composition will likely be somewhere in the middle. Good luck!

Melissa Evans
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Melissa Evans

I live in Central Nebraska – Zone 5. Last year I planted a black lace elderberry and it’s doing great. What kind should I plant with it to get the most (and best tasting) fruit production for canning?

Kelly
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Kelly

I live in Southwestern Ontario and am looking into which variety of elderberry would be best for pies. In particular, I am looking for one that the berries would be ready in September as we are often away quite a lot in August and don’t want the berries to go to waste.

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Thanks for your question, Kelly. S. canadensis (the American type) is preferred by many for use in pies, since the fruit is generally a touch sweeter than what’s produced by the S. nigra cultivars. But it’s going to be difficult to predict the exact week when your fruit is ready to harvest, since this depends a lot on the weather and your local growing conditions. Make sure they’re watered well while you’re away in August, and cover them with bird netting to prevent too much of your crop from getting eaten up before you get back home. In growing zone… Read more »

Patricia Marquis
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Patricia Marquis

Hi, I planted 2 elderberry Adams and 2 wilder S. elderberry bushes, 5 feet from each other. Do you think they have enough space? I live in Maine. If you can describe the wilder S. variety and characteristics would be great. Will they cross pollinate well in the right soil/spot?

Also I found several bushes similar to the elderberry on the side on my road. They have many black berries in the same fashion my elderberries do but leaves are not serrated. I won’t do anything with them but I was curious to know if elderberries ALWAYS have serrated leaves.

Thanks

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Thanks for your message, Patricia! There are many elderberry lookalikes, and when you’re aiming to identify a wild plant, you need to keep the full habit in mind- berries, leaves, flowers, etc. Several types of dogwood are sometimes confused for elderberry since they have similar growth habits in shrub form, but their simple leaves are a dead giveaway. As far as we know, all varieties of elderberry have “compound,” feathery, or toothed (rather than “simple” or smooth) leaves, which are serrated on the edges as you described. Pokeberry, another lookalike, also has smooth leaves but the berries grow along the… Read more »

Sarah G.
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Sarah G.

I live in mid-Michigan and just stumbled across a plant that looks a lot like the Adams or York black elderberry plant! Our property is 5 acres of old farmland and we’re always finding new surprises as we clean it up! I’m not 100% sure if it is, but once I determine it is, are they safe to use for medicinal or homeopathic purposes? I know it has really great health benefits, and I take black elderberry during the winter months here to help stay healthy so I’m mostly interested in using it for homeopathic healing. An awesome benefit would… Read more »

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Thanks for your message Sarah. How wonderful that you found some wild elderberry plants on your property! As you likely already know, whenever you plan to consume a wild plant, you need to be able to positively identify it with certainty first. Having said that, we’re not medical experts so we cannot advise as to what might be appropriate for medicinal use. Sambucus nigra cultivars are commonly found in elderberry syrups and tinctures, and it’s delicious in preserves and desserts!

Regina
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Regina

I want to plant 2 types of elderberry. I live in Michigan- can you help me out with what would be best? I want to use the berries for medicinal use.
Thank you,

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Hi Regina,

Michigan growing zones range between 4a and 6b, depending on where you’re located, so most varieties will do well if they’re given adequate space, shade, and watering in well-draining soil. Black elderberry (Sambucus nigra) is what’s most commonly used medicinally. ‘Black Lace’ is one of my favorites, or try cold-tolerant ‘York.’ And be sure to plant in pairs with two different cultivars of the same species for the best harvest.

Amanda
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Amanda

Hi- I live in the Willamette Valley in Oregon and am wondering if you have a recommendation for me for a good Eld. plant to make syrup. I’m wanting to steer away from the higher toxicity plants. We have space so can get any size and either have more shaded or sunny areas. Thanks!

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Any of the common black varieties are great for edible use such as making into syrup, and they prefer partial shade. Most cultivars will do well in zones 5-6, given the right growing conditions including good drainage and adequate watering, with enough space provided between plants. Check out our guide to growing elderberries for more info, and be sure to plant at least two for the best harvest. Good luck!

Gretta
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Gretta

I am wanting to plant a few of these on our property but wondering if, like many berry producing plants, I should locate them away from the driveway. I love the idea of having berries for the birds and wildlife but would prefer not to increase the likelihood of messes on the vehicles and driveway area.

Allison Sidhu
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Allison Sidhu

Great question, Gretta. Elderberry isn’t nearly as messy as something like mulberry, but it may be hard to diligently harvest all of the fruit as soon as it ripens (and before it hits the driveway) once the plants mature. You might be able to get away with a driveway border that doesn’t affect your vehicles if you prune the plants, though!