Native to the Canadian province I grew up in, and every province I’ve lived in since, candle anemone is one of those seemingly unexceptional plants that I would recognize everywhere but never took much notice of beyond that.
My siblings and I used the seed fluff to line the beds of the baby mice we found.
But after doing a bit of research, I realized our mouse bed fluff was from the same plant I saw on almost every hike in the backcountry of British Columbia and Alberta.
It seemed to exist everywhere, whether as a delicate flower adding a splash of white to a wildflower meadow’s kaleidoscope of colors, or a few fluffy seeds clinging to a dry stem on a windy ridge.
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Its robustness translates well into the garden – it is a delicate looking plant that is surprisingly easy to grow. Plus, candle anemone is easy on the eyes.
It features small flowers on tall stems, floating above a sea of textured leaves, all in shades of green and white.
In my opinion, not all garden plants have to be extremely showy. Sometimes, a simple mat of green dotted with elevated white flowers is a treat for tired eyes.
If you agree, read on to find out how to grow and incorporate Anemone cylindrica into your garden. Here’s what I’ll cover:
What You’ll Learn
What Is Candle Anemone?
This unobtrusive plant doesn’t produce the showy blooms most Anemone species are known for.
However, it does feature a variety of textures and year-round interest, with its small white flowers layered over green, deeply lobed leaves, and long seed heads that explode into woolly white fluff.
Candle anemone is also known as thimbleweed, but this common name is used for A. virginiana as well, so to reduce confusion, A. cylindrica is also called long fruited thimbleweed.
Its namesake: the cylindrical, thimble-shaped seed heads that grow twice as long as they are wide, and are distinctive from those of other anemone species.
As a member of the Ranunculaceae (buttercup) family, candle anemone is toxic to mammals, to be sure to keep children and pets from snacking on it!
The Omaha and Ponca tribes considered this native to be a medicinal plant and combated the mouth-tingling toxicity by cooking portions of the plant to use for treating a variety of ailments.
A wash made from the boiled and pounded roots was used on wounds for its antiseptic qualities, leaf poultices were used for soothing burns, and root teas were administered for headaches and dizziness.
Candle anemone is a perennial prairie plant, native to Canada and the continental US, with fibrous roots, sometimes producing short rhizomes. It thrives in dry open woods, slopes, pastures, and roadsides.
Beneficial insects such as tiny native bees and hoverflies visit the small flowers for their pollen.
You’ll want more than one of these plants: group plantings are how A. cylindrica shines out in the garden.
In nature, candle anemones rely mainly on dispersal of their seeds by the wind for propagation. However, mature plants can be divided and they can also produce offsets from their short rhizomes.
Since these plants look great in big groups, sometimes even together with other anemones, you can allow them to spread their own seeds for a naturalized grouping.
Or you can collect the seeds once they’re fluffy and dry, and before they are spread by the wind.
If you decide to collect and save seeds, spread out the fluff on a tray out of direct sunlight and allow it to dry out well. Carefully remove the fluff from the seeds and store in a cool, dry, dark place.
The seeds need a period of at least 90 days of cold stratification to germinate. The easiest way to propagate via seed is to sow them out into your garden in the fall and allow the winter to do the work for you.
Before sowing, loosen the top inch of soil with a rake and make sure it is moist. Sow seeds three inches apart and cover very lightly with soil.
Candle anemone does not respond well to transplanting. If you decide to keep the seeds and start them in the spring indoors, stratify the seeds for 90-140 days in a tray or bag of moistened sand at 40°F.
Once the seeds have been cold stratified, sow individually, spaced two inches apart, into a tray filled with moistened, well draining propagation medium and cover lightly.
Place the tray in a warm (65-70°F), bright area and keep the medium moist by spritzing with water as needed.
After 20-25 days, you should see little green plants poking through the soil!
Once the little plants have three or four true, palmate (lobed) and healthy green leaves, carefully remove the seedlings and transplant into your garden as discussed below.
Candle anemones produce a mass of fibrous roots which can be divided into two or three new plants after several years of growth.
To divide into new plants, dig up your mature plant in the early spring. Carefully separate the tangle of roots to make new plants, each with their own crown and mass of roots. See below for specific planting instructions.
Candle anemone will sometimes reproduce vegetatively by growing offsets of its short rhizomes. These new plants can be separated from the parent and moved, or you can let them spread naturally.
Though they are not difficult to grow, candle anemones may not respond well to transplanting.
First, make sure you are planting in soil that drains well. They are prairie plants that do well in drier soils, and don’t appreciate wet feet.
Some nurseries ship or provide dormant, bare root plants packed in peat moss that you can order in the spring or fall, and plant immediately provided the soil is not frozen.
These instructions apply to both dormant bare root plants and plants you divide.
Dig a hole deep and wide enough to accommodate the root size. Check your depth. The crown of the root should not be lower than one inch below the soil surface.
Orient the fibrous root mass vertically and pointed downwards and hold up any rhizomes while backfilling with loosened soil. Lay and spread the rhizomes out horizontally about one inch below the soil surface and fill the rest of the hole with soil.
Water thoroughly after transplanting. If warm and dry weather follows transplanting, check the soil moisture often and water as needed (see below for additional watering tips).
If you are planting your own seedlings, plant in the spring after all risk of frost has passed. Always loosen the soil in the hole you dig to allow the roots of the newly transplanted anemone to push into its new home.
Carefully remove the plant from its tray and insert into the hole, gently backfill, and water lightly.
How to Grow
Candle anemone is easy to care for. Once established, this plant can be pretty much left alone.
It grows well in full sun to partly shady locations, and will bloom with greenish white flowers from mid-spring to the end of summer.
These plants tolerate mildly acidic to alkaline soil, with a pH from about 6.0 to 8.5. Most important, though, is well drained soil.
A.cylindrica is drought tolerant, and actually prefers drier, open areas. To decide when water is needed, check the soil about one or two inches down.
If the soil feels dry you may water, but if the soil is damp don’t bother because it won’t be appreciated.
- Plant in sunny areas for best growth and the most insect visitors.
- Good drainage is essential for these prairie plants.
- Water when the soil is dry to a depth of two inches, in the absence of rain.
Pruning and Maintenance
These plants will grow through the season and go dormant in the winter without much attention with regards to deadheading or trimming.
Once they do die back, you can remove the dead foliage if you wish. But the cottony seed heads can last throughout the winter, adding some interest to your garden through dormancy.
Managing Pests and Disease
This plant is deer and rabbit tolerant, and rarely has issues with foliar diseases.
If any bugs or slugs happen upon the plants and give them a chew, you can simply remove them by hand. Snacking pests might include slugs or snails, and we’ve got an article specifically on how to protect your garden from gastropods.
If the plants are looking sick, with pale or yellow leaves, the roots are likely suffering. The most common reason for this is overwatering. If you are providing supplementary water, reduce the frequency and amount or stop watering altogether.
Provide these plants with well draining soil from the beginning, and check soil moisture before watering.
You can learn more about pests and diseases in our guide to growing anemones.
Because A. cylindrica isn’t a very showy plant, it looks best planted in big groups, used as a bedding plant and for borders, as a beautifully textured green ground cover, or as a specimen plant.
Plant this anemone in open areas, woodlands, and naturalized areas.
Quick Reference Growing Guide
|Plant Type:||Herbaceous flowering perennial||Flower / Foliage Color:||Greenish white/green|
|Native to:||Canada, North America||Tolerance:||Deer, drought, rabbits, salt|
|Hardiness (USDA Zone):||3-8||Maintenance:||Low|
|Bloom Time / Season:||Summer||Soil Type:||Sand to loam|
|Exposure:||Full sun to part shade||Soil pH:||6.0-8.5|
|Spacing:||3-6 inches||Soil Drainage:||Well-draining|
|Planting Depth:||Surface sow (seed), depth of rootball (transplants)||Attracts:||Native bees and other beneficial insects|
|Height:||12-24 inches||Uses:||Borders, group plantings, ground cover, perennial gardens, specimen plantings|
|Common Pests and Diseases:||Slugs, snails; root rot||Species:||Cylindrica|
Easy on the Eyes, Easy to Grow
Candle anemone is an unobtrusive plant all around, being both low maintenance and blending into the garden with shades of green and white.
But it has some standout qualities, providing food for bees and other beneficial insects, adding layers and texture to the garden, and providing winter interest with its tufts of fluffy seeds.
Are you growing candle anemones in your garden? Let us know in the comments below, and feel free to share a picture!
And for more information on growing anemones in your garden, check out these guides next:
About Sylvia Dekker
Sylvia Dekker is a nature-inspired creative with a bachelor’s degree in agriculture, a history of Canadian province-hopping, and a life filled with brown thumbs, bee stings, and tan lines. When Sylvia travels, on mountain or steppe, she harvests knowledge, experiences, and honey, goes starry-eyed over each tiny plant, and writes about it all.