Propagating Succulents in 5 Easy Steps

The succulent is one of nature’s most efficient plants, and one of the easiest to propagate.

It’s a type of “xerophyte,” a shallow-rooted wonder that thrives in dry climates and stores water in fat, fleshy leaves and stems.

A blue ceramic planter full of different kinds of succulents.

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A Feast for the Eyes

Succulents come in an extensive variety of textures, colors, shapes, and sizes.

From the smooth blue rosettes of echeveria hugging the soil in compact clusters, to the towering 6-foot agave Americana stretching toward the summer sun, they comprise one of the most fascinating plant species.

https://gardenerspath.com/how-to/propagation/succulents-five-easy-steps/
Photo by Allison Sidhu.

Succulents grow outdoors in temperate climates, and make excellent additions to xeriscapes, where irrigation is minimal. They’re at home between pavers, in rock gardens, and peeking out from crevices in stone walls.

Propagating Succulents Easy Steps | GardenersPath.com

These versatile plants also thrive indoors in pots with good drainage, as well as in terrariums, provided they are watered sparingly.

My favorites are miniature varieties.

Grow Succulents In 5 Easy Tips | GardenersPath.com

I like to plant them in interesting containers, grouped to create an eclectic desertscape.

You’re going to fall in love with these low-maintenance beauties, and knowing how to propagate them means you can grow as many as your heart desires.

Be Fruitful and Multiply

Succulent plant propagation is a breeze. Of course, you may start from seeds, but it’s easier and faster to use the plants you have to produce even more.

Here are two easy methods:

Dividing

You may divide a plant in two ways.

1. Plantlet Removal

Remove plantlets, or offsets, that have sprung up alongside the mother plant.

Purple-tinged hen and chicks, with plantlets prime for propagating. | Gardenerspath.com
Hen and chicks.

These are fully-formed and rooted mini-plants that can grow independently.

Kalanchoe pinnata is a succulent that drops plantlets, perfect for propagating. | Gardenerspath.com
Kalanchoe pinnata.

With echeveria, a rosette-forming succulent, we call the main plant the “hen” and the plantlets are referred to as “chicks.” With barrel cactus, they are known as “pups.”

Kalanchoe pinnata plantlets, ready for propagating to start new succulents in the garden. | Gardenerspath.com
Kalanchoe pinnata plantlets.

Some succulents drop plantlets. Like seeds, they take root where they fall.

2. Root Separation

Unearth an entire plant and gently tease the roots apart. Plant the separated clumps individually.

Plants that have been divided by root separation may be placed in soil immediately.

For indoor plants, use a potting medium recommended for cactus and succulent plants, like Hoffman Organic Cactus and Succulent Soil Mix.

You can also mix a handful of sand or perlite into potting soil. The proper mix promotes drainage and provides nutrients.

Hoffman Organic Cactus and Succulent Soil Mix, 4 Quarts

Wait a day, then water sparingly.

Return outdoor plants to the garden when the sun is not directly overhead. Work the soil until it is crumbly, mound it up a bit, and make a shallow depression with room for sprawling roots.

A zebra cactus or haworthia with exposed roots, ready for dividing and starting new plants. Learn how: https://gardenerspath.com/how-to/propagation/succulents-five-easy-steps/
A zebra cactus, or Haworthia, with exposed roots.

Nestle your plant carefully into it and gently cover the roots with about an inch of soil. Tamp gently to secure.
Wait a day, and then lightly water the soil around the plant.

Cutting

With the cutting method, just cut off a piece of leaf or stem, let it dry, and you’ll have roots and shoots in no time. The trick is to keep it totally dry.

Here are two methods:

1. Leaf Removal

Remove leaves from your succulents, allow to callus off, and then plant in soil. We share the best tips for propagating succulents: https://gardenerspath.com/how-to/propagation/succulents-five-easy-steps/
Photo by Allison Sidhu.

Randomly remove several leaves, dry them out, let them grow roots, and plant.

2. Beheading

This is a good fix for a plant that has grown tall and spindly, or whose leggy bare limbs drape downward like a pendant.

Leggy succulents in your backyard will benefit from careful propagation. Do you know what to do? We share a simple method in 5 steps: https://gardenerspath.com/how-to/propagation/succulents-five-easy-steps/
A gorgeous pink-hued succulent, from the front… Photo by Allison Sidhu.

Simply cut the head of the plant off the lengthy stem, leaving about an inch of stem attached. Dry it out, let it grow roots, and plant.

The remaining stem of a healthy beheaded plant should grow new leaves in a compact grouping, making for a sturdier, more attractive plant.

Cut back leggy succulents and start new plants in 5 simple steps: https://gardenerspath.com/how-to/propagation/succulents-five-easy-steps/
From the side, you can see this plant has grown very leggy. Photo by Allison Sidhu.

As indicated, cuttings made from leaves and plant heads must dry out and grow roots before planting.

It’s not hard! Here’s how:

Propagating Succulent Cuttings

What You’ll Need:

  • Sharp shears
  • Garden gloves (for handling spiny varieties)
  • Small trowel
  • Potting medium for succulents and cacti
  • Containers with adequate drainage holes

How To:

1. Remove Some Leaves or Behead

Randomly remove a few leaves from your succulent plant, twisting gently to remove the entire leaf without tearing.

On leggy growth, these can be removed from the bottom portion of the stem, which will be discarded.

With just a few plants to begin and these tips for dividing and propagating, you'll never have to buy a new succulent plant again! Learn how to grow your own: https://gardenerspath.com/how-to/propagation/succulents-five-easy-steps/
Cutting back leggy succulents to make room for new growth. Photo by Allison Sidhu.

For plants like Christmas cactus, you may need to use scissors to remove an individual leaf.

If you are “beheading,” use your scissors or clippers to cleanly cut the stem about an inch below the lower leaves of the plant head.

2. Callus Off

Set the cuttings aside in any type of container or tray.

To propagate succulents, snip mature clusters from leggy stems and arrange leaves on a paper towel to callus off before planting. | Gardenerspath.com
Photo by Allison Sidhu.

They’re not fussy. No potting medium or water are needed.

Check them in about five days and see if each has formed a callus on the cut end.

Want to learn how to divide and propagate succulents? You've come to the right place! It's easier than you think: https://gardenerspath.com/how-to/propagation/succulents-five-easy-steps/
Photo by Allison Sidhu.

This protects the exposed soft tissue from bacterial penetration.

3. Grow Roots

Watch for the growth of roots over the next few weeks.

Start new succulent plants from cuttings, with these tips: https://gardenerspath.com/how-to/propagation/succulents-five-easy-steps/
After callusing off, roots begin to emerge. Photo by Allison Sidhu.

Leaf cuttings will begin to wither as they become food for emerging new plants.

4. Plant

When roots form, fill well-draining containers of your choice with potting medium, or select a garden location suitable for planting.

You can also opt to mix a handful of sand or perlite into regular potting soil.

Grow your own baby succulents from mature plants with these simple instructions: https://gardenerspath.com/how-to/propagation/succulents-five-easy-steps/
Baby succulents, starting to grow. Photo by Allison Sidhu.

Succulents thrive in sunshine and well-drained soil. Without sun, they grow pale, and with too much water, they rot.

Plant in a sunny spot in early morning or late afternoon, when the sun is less intense.

A vibrant desert garden, with succulents and cacti planted in the ground after being divided to start new plants. | Gardenerspath.com
A desert garden, with succulents and cacti.

Mound soil up to raise the cuttings above the edge of your container, or garden surface. Gently tamp the soil down to secure the roots, and do not water.

Embellish with decorative stones or pebbles as desired.

5. Water and Feed

The next day, water sparingly and gently tamp the soil down again.

As your new plants acclimate to their surroundings, growth will accelerate.

At this point, it’s time to purchase a succulent/cactus food, like Miracle-Gro Succulent Plant Food, available on Amazon.com. Administer per manufacturer’s instructions.

There are other techniques for propagating succulents, including placing cuttings on top of potting medium to callus off, thus enabling them to root themselves directly into the soil.

Miracle-Gro Succulent Plant Food, 8 Oz.

This method is great if you want to start your own potting nursery for many cuttings at once, however, you must keep the soil completely dry while the cuttings callus off and form roots.

Plan to spend a few weeks on the propagation process, trying various methods and noting results. A gardening journal is great for record-keeping.

A Note on Cactus Propagation:

Propagating succulents is easy and fun. From a plantlet, division, leaf cutting, or beheading, you can increase your collection of these beauties.

By now you may be curious about types of cactus we haven’t mentioned.

We know this: barrel types form pups that may be harvested and planted individually. And, Christmas cacti have individual leaves that may be cut, callused, and rooted. But what about others, like column varieties?

Do you love xeriscaping with succulent plants? Learn how to do it in an affordable way. Read more: https://gardenerspath.com/how-to/propagation/succulents-five-easy-steps/

We propagate by cutting.

Since the entire cactus is one giant leaf, the question is, where do we cut?

Simply cut into the top or side of a columnar cactus and remove a piece about an inch in diameter. Place it on a dry surface that won’t be disturbed and forget it for a few months.

During this time, provided it remains dry, the cutting will callus off and form roots. Then it’s ready to plant.

Stalwart and Stunning

I’m fascinated by succulents.

They make a spectacular display when planted in multi-variety groups, forming a tapestry of living colors, shapes, and sizes that remind me of a deep-sea coral reef.

So hardy and vibrant, it’s hard to believe that they grasp the soil with roots that are barely threads, and require scarcely a thimbleful of water to thrive.

Heed the need for little moisture and water sparingly!

Propagating Succulents in 5 Easy Steps | GardenersPath.com

This tip from succulent devotees is helpful: plant rosette-type varieties like echeveria angled downward.

This way, water runs out instead of accumulating and promoting rotting.

Ready, Set, Grow!

What are you waiting for?

It’s time to spruce up your décor with nature’s desert wonders and enjoy what may be the simplest and most rewarding type of gardening you’ve ever tried.

Propagating succulents at home is simple, if you follow this method to start your new plants. | Gardenerspath.com

Visit a local nursery and choose succulents that appeal to you. Nurture them and try your hand at growing new plants to share with friends.

And use the techniques described above to propagate these unique plants like a pro.

Do you have a favorite succulent? What plant propagation tips would you like to share? We’d love to know your thoughts in the comments section below.

Photos by Allison Sidhu, © Ask the Experts, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for more details. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock.

About Nan Schiller

Nan Schiller is a writer with deep roots in the soil of southeastern Pennsylvania. Her background includes landscape and floral design, a BS in business from Villanova University, and a Certificate of Merit in floral design from Longwood Gardens. An advocate of organic gardening with native plants, she’s always got dirt under her nails and freckles on her nose. With wit and hopefully some wisdom, she shares what she’s learned and is always ready to dig into a new project!

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Kelsey
Kelsey (@guest_2017)
3 years ago

Thanks for this helpful guide.
I have beheaded a few of my leggy plants and after a couple of days the stems on them have gotten shrivelled and limp rather than calloused. Is this normal? Are they still okay to use?

Jason Pillay
Jason Pillay (@guest_2227)
Reply to  Kelsey
3 years ago

When you behead a succulent, keep them away from direct sunlight for a few days until calloused. PS: some succulent plants like aeonium will wilt alot before it starts rooting

Joyce Friedrich
Joyce Friedrich (@guest_3733)
2 years ago

I have some small vine-like succulents. Do I leave them on the top of the soil?

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Joyce Friedrich
2 years ago

Have they developed roots, Joyce? Propagating the vining species can be more difficult, but not impossible. If you can be more specific about what the species might be, we may be able to provide some additional info to help you out.

rocky
rocky (@guest_3753)
2 years ago

So, my family and I had no idea how it works but we ended up using the method of taking the plantlets but they are growing really tall, leggy, I think. Please help.

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  rocky
2 years ago

Leggy growth is an indication that they need more light. To start, try moving them to a sunny location, and remember that potted starts need to be watered more frequently than established succulents typically will.

Valerie
Valerie (@guest_3796)
Reply to  Allison Sidhu
2 years ago

Hi, when planting the newly propagated cuttings, do you bury the mother leaf it has grown from or what do you do with the mother leaf?

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Valerie
2 years ago

Since the mother leaf contains moisture, it will continue to nourish the new growth. You can either leave it on top of the soil and allow it to dry and fall off naturally, or bury it lightly.

Lisa White
Lisa White (@guest_3805)
2 years ago

Thank you! I was also looking for the answer to Valerie’s question you answered above, what to do with the mother leaf. I also had no idea I should keep the cuttings dry even after they’ve callused over. I’ll stop spraying them now! Now to check out the rest of this website. I’m a former editor, and I’m very impressed with the content and design! I wonder if I’ll find any info on tomato gardening in containers… Lisa, Oceanside, CA

Nora
Nora (@guest_3920)
2 years ago

Our succulents seem to LOVE rusted out containers. I can hardly contain them.

Grace Hx
Grace Hx (@guest_3923)
2 years ago

Hi,
This is what I have so far. Is this ready for potting?

Mike Quinn
Mike Quinn (@mike20)
Active Member
Reply to  Grace Hx
2 years ago

Grace Hx, were you trying to post a photo? If so, I don’t see one.

Grace Hx
Grace Hx (@guest_3927)
Reply to  Mike Quinn
2 years ago

Yes. What should i do next?

Mike Quinn
Mike Quinn (@mike20)
Active Member
Reply to  Grace Hx
2 years ago

Hi Grace Hx you’ll want to hit the little camera button to the lower right and then three boxes will appear. Click on one and you can upload a photo and can upload three at a time. They are limited to 6 MBs each which are larger than most phone cameras produce on standard settings. I’ve attached a screenshot for you to see.

Add photos.jpg
Mike Quinn
Mike Quinn (@mike20)
Active Member
Reply to  Mike Quinn
2 years ago

You might want to reply up at the top so the photo doesn’t squeeze in these nested comments.

Grace Hx
Grace Hx (@guest_3931)
Reply to  Mike Quinn
2 years ago

Yes. The leaf has now 3 roots. What should i do next? Pls see the picture. This is my leaf.

Mike Quinn
Mike Quinn (@mike20)
Active Member
Reply to  Grace Hx
2 years ago

Grace Hx hmmm…not sure what’s going on with the photos (this is a new feature we just implemented). It uploaded ok. I’m going to attach it to my comment and then call on @allison-schultz and  Nan Schiller to answer your question as they are the resident succulent experts.

Suculent pup.jpeg
Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Grace Hx
2 years ago

This looks great Grace- you’ve callused off, and roots have grown. Scroll down to step 4 of our article- you’re ready for planting! Either set on top of or lightly cover with a loose layer of succulent planting medium in a well-draining container, and place in a sunny location. If you want to make your own well-draining soil that’s good for succulents, you can combine sand or perlite with regular potting soil.

WendyA
WendyA (@guest_4577)
Reply to  Allison Sidhu
2 years ago

i was given a leaf from a succulent and let it dry. It grew a lot of red root threads so i put it in a pot in succulent dirt. The mother leaf is out of the dirt and it seems to be making a big root ball. The leaf is tipping over as the roots grow. I think a mini new leaf is going to grow at the base where the top layer of dirt is. I feel like i planted it upside down but its interesting to watch. Now I am studying your website and have many leaves… Read more »

Amanda
Amanda (@guest_4016)
2 years ago

Hey there!

So do you water them at all when you place them on top of the soil after the five days of dry out??

Thank you 🙂

Luella
Luella (@guest_4031)
Reply to  Amanda
2 years ago

Waiting for an answer to the question as well.

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
Admin
Noble Member
Reply to  Amanda
2 years ago

Once your propagated baby plants are established with roots in the soil and they are beginning to grow, continue watering them regularly, just as you would mature succulents. The frequency with which you do this and the quantity depends on your local conditions and where they’re planted (i.e. in full sun or not, in pots or in the ground) but succulents should generally be watered once every 1-2 weeks. Make sure your potting medium drains well- they should never be allowed to sit in standing water.

Makenna
Makenna (@guest_4039)
2 years ago

I cut the five heads off my stretched out Echeveria 4 weeks ago and dipped the cut ends in rooting powder and set the heads on top of dry soil. The ends have callused but there is no root growth yet. What should I do? (Meanwhile the trunk has exploded with tons of new rosettes which I am loving)

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Makenna
2 years ago

Sounds like a healthy and vigorous plant! Some succulent varieties take better to propagation than others, though Echeveria usually responds well. Ends that have been cut rather than gently plucked may not root, and you’ll usually see some growth in about 2 weeks max. You might try pulling a full rosette and attempting to root that instead. Good luck!

Makenna
Makenna (@guest_4096)
Reply to  Allison Sidhu
2 years ago

I checked on the heads today and they have developed roots! Thank you for the tips.

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Noble Member
Reply to  Makenna
2 years ago

You’re welcome!

Miriam Murray
Miriam Murray (@guest_4098)
2 years ago

I’m trying to identify a new succulent I bought the other day. It looks just like the one you used in the propagating pictures. What is it called?
Thank You!
Miriam

IMG_2601.PNG
Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Miriam Murray
2 years ago

This is Echiveria!

Rod M
Rod M (@guest_4136)
2 years ago

Hello, I got this arrangement from Walmart today 🙂 Not bad for $20 in my opinion. There was another with an interesting succulent so I plucked a leaf hahaha. It is the one with the serrated shape. I haven’t see this one in many videos I watched online. Can you identify it? I hope the leaf calluses and grows roots as I only have one leaf. Oh look at my jade, hahaha. I use straws to keep it upright. Got that from Walmart about a year ago, was about 2″ tall. Thanks. Oh one question, is it not good to… Read more »

leaf.jpeg
newplant.jpeg
Rod M
Rod M (@guest_4137)
Reply to  Rod M
2 years ago

Oh one more pic of the new purchase.

plant2.jpeg
Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Rod M
2 years ago

Thanks for your questions, Rod. The serrated edge and slightly folded shape indicates that this is most likely some type of Kalanchoe, maybe Kalanchoe sexangularis. You’re right that it is better to gently pluck leaves for propagation rather than cutting them, as cutting will not leave the base of the leaf intact, which is required for a root to sprout. We go over this in a bit more detail in the article above. When your pot starts to become overcrowded, maybe in a year or two, it will be a good idea to split up these plants in their own… Read more »

Rod M.
Rod M. (@guest_4156)
Reply to  Allison Sidhu
2 years ago

Hi, thanks for the great info and advice. I do have a spot in the same area closer to the window. I was more concerned about burning but I live in an apt and only have a few spots for them. The jade was in terrible soil so I repotted in fat plants san diego soil which got great ratings. I am going to be making DIY soils shortly as it’s more cost affective and I have a nursery down the block from me for perlite and course sand. The regular potting soil with out vermiculite (spelling) I should be… Read more »

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
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Reply to  Rod M.
2 years ago

You’d be surprised how much less light indoor plants actually get in a sunny window compared to full sun exposure outdoors. If your window is southern facing, and you’re able to get your plants in there as close to the window as possible, that’s going to be your best bet. Good luck with the homemade mixture! And congrats on your happy and abundant aloe plant- sharing the extras with friends is always rewarding. Plant division for aloe is relatively easy. When the majority of the pups are at least 3 inches tall (or when your pot is so overcrowded that… Read more »

Rod M.
Rod M. (@guest_4166)
Reply to  Allison Sidhu
2 years ago

Okay, so the aloe is all seperated, did it last night lol. Most have roots. They roots are just about dry so I think tomorrow night along with the succulents we discussed about will get planted. I am also letting that house soil dry a bit with the bag open as it was damp. I know the dryer the soil the better for initial planting, no? Maybe I took on way to much to soon but was excited, I know this is proabably a noob mistake, plus it’s spring, best time to do all this from what I read. Thanks… Read more »

Allison Sidhu
Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu)
Admin
Noble Member
Reply to  Rod M.
2 years ago

You’re so welcome! I usually plant succulents in dry soil since it’s less messy to work with, and you won’t have to worry about overwatering your plants as soon as they’re potted. Letting the soil dry out a bit is a good idea, and supplementing with sand/gravel should also help. Wait to water until the soil feels dry again about 1 inch below the surface.

So many gardeners are in the same boat right now- spring is here and we want to plant everything!

Sandi Schutz
Sandi Schutz (@guest_4822)
Reply to  Allison Sidhu
2 years ago

I noticed that there are lots of succulent leaves on the floor at my local nursery. I don’t feel guilty at all about picking them up and saving them. They’re just going to be swept up and thrown out!

Susan W
Susan W (@guest_8527)
Reply to  Sandi Schutz
1 year ago

I got some my best plants that way. I do ask first. But have never been denied the mixture of leaves on the floor.