Spring is fast approaching and the time has come to choose perennials for your garden. Though this task may seem daunting at first, it is relatively simple once you decide what type of environment you wish to create.
Perhaps you are looking to create a secluded area where you can read your favorite book and enjoy the sounds of nature while remaining cool under the foliage.
To help develop a shade garden, you will want to make sure there is a good mixture of medium and large plants to help provide exposure to the sun. To add color to your garden, you will need to stage the area.
Here are the best perennials to choose to create your relaxing environment in the shade.
When you plant Astilbe in your garden, you will find that you have a plant with dense foliage and flowery bloom to help breathe life into your shade garden.
This perennial, a native of North America and Asia, is perfect when planted in a group and used along flower beds or as a border edging.
The Astilbe, which normally blooms in June or July, offers a variety of aesthetic colors like pink, red, purple, or peach and range from 6 to 18 inches high.
What makes choosing this perennial perfect for your shade garden is how easy they are to grow. You need to make sure the soil is soft and is rich in nutrients.
It is ideal to use mulch around these perennials not only to help keep the weeds down but to help feed the plant as it slowly decomposes. An added bonus for Astilbe is how little they are affected by insect or disease problems.
If you want to make a statement with your shade garden, Foxglove is the perfect addition.
Though the blossoms on this plant can be small, about the size of a thimble, they bring life to every inch of your garden in the form of various colors like white, yellow, pink, red, lavender, or purple.
The plant, which ranges from 1 foot to up to 6 feet, starts to bloom during the summer months.
When you are planting Foxglove you need to make sure they are planted 15 to 20 inches apart in moist soil. If they are placed to close together the flowers have a tendency to clump together and will need to be divided by hand.
Just like Astilbe, Foxglove benefits from a solid mulch bed that helps make it the perfect perennial by being able to reseed itself on a yearly basis.
Virginia Blue Bells
Commonly found in the eastern half of North America, the Virginia Blue Bell is the perfect to any addition to any garden.
Though the blooms are short live and tend to only last through the spring months, Virginia Blue Bells offer beautiful, full clusters of sky blue bell shaped blossoms.
You should make sure to surround this perennial with others blooming plants that tend to come alive more in the later months.
When planting Virginia Blue Bells you should keep them 12 inches apart during the initial stages. The biggest concern is to keep the soil rich with nutrients and will benefit from added fertilizer in the moist soil.
As with Foxglove, the Virginia Blue Bell propagates better by seed and will be well nourished in a minimal mulch bed.
Like native blue flowers? Find more varieties here!
Lily of the Valley
Perhaps you want to add color to your shade garden by planting a perennial that grows slowly while completing a thick carpet of green with specks of color. If so, then the lily of the valley is ideal for your secluded area.
This variety offers a welcome sight with white bell shaped flowers that lasts from spring to the late summer months while offering a pleasing fragrance.
These perennials are best served when planted at the end of fall or very early in spring and are kept in clumps no more than 4 inches apart.
The soil will need to be rich with nutrients and less acidic to help these plants provide a natural ground cover that lasts, especially in the northern states.
And just like the Astilbe, the Lily of the Valley is very hardy when it comes to withstanding the affects of insects or diseases. Be wary with kids or pets, as this plant is poisonous.
Perhaps you live in an environment where the conditions are not ideal for the majority of perennials. An area like Texas or Arizona where there are acidic soils and wet conditions in the fall and spring.
The perfect solution to adding color to your garden would be with the Louisiana Iris. The blooms for this plant come on the end of 2 to 3 foot stems and can be found in a variety of colors like blue, purple, pink, white, and dark red.
Though the Louisina Iris is able to survive in tougher conditions, it still needs to be planted in moist soil though it can be sustained with less feedings than what is required b Astilbe and Foxglove.
If you are looking to add the perfect complement to the edge of a water garden, the Louisiana Irisis a garden favorite, especially when they bloom in the summer months.
If you spend your time in choosing the right perennial for your garden, not only will you enjoy it, but so will your garden.