When and How to Harvest Cantaloupe, the Sweetest Garden Candy

Is there anything tastier than a juicy, soft-yet-firm piece of cantaloupe unfurling its delightful flavor on your tongue?

Of course not!

A vertical close up picture of a Cucumis melo ripening on the vine, with characteristic netted flesh, pictured on a soft focus background in light filtered sunshine. To the center and bottom of the frame is green and white text.

And there’s no better reward for the work of planting and growing this tasty melon.

Maybe your melons are looking more and more mature every day and you’re not sure when to harvest them.

If that’s the case, you’re in the right place, because today we’re going to talk about when and how to harvest this delicious melon (Cucumis melo var. reticulatus).

Here’s what I’ll cover:

When to Harvest Cantaloupe

This sun-loving fruit takes about 65-90 days from germination to reach maturity – depending on the variety – and when you consider the size and complexity of a melon, that’s impressive.

So depending on your USDA Hardiness Zone and the cultivar you are growing, you might be harvesting melons as early as June, while others may have to wait until late August.

A close up of three melons with distinctive "netted" rind, growing in the garden, pictured in light sunshine, fading to soft focus in the background.

You don’t want to harvest your cantaloupes too early or they won’t be sweet enough, like the inexplicably named honeydew (sorry, honeydew lovers out there!). And if you wait too long, they’ll get mealy and squishy. Yuck.

If you do harvest a slightly unripe melon, it will continue to soften, but the sugar content of the fruit will not increase, so it won’t be quite as sweet as it would if it had ripened on the vine.

A vertical picture of a Cucumis melo hanging from the vine, with characteristic "netted" rind, pictured on a soft focus background.

Unripe cantaloupes will still be green, you’ll be able to see this through the web of “netting” that develops over the rind.

Check your seed packet or your garden planner to determine when they’re about a week away from their due date, and at that point, reduce irrigation. You want to water just enough to prevent the vines from wilting.

This will allow the sugars to concentrate in the flesh of the fruit, and prevent the fruit from splitting.

A close up of two freshly harvested, ripe Cucumis melo set on a wooden surface with vines in soft focus in the background.

Now is also the time to watch the melons closely. As soon as the netting turns creamy-yellow and the rind below it turns gold, it’s time to sniff the end of the fruit that’s connected to the vine.

If it smells musky and sweet, it’s time to pick!

But if you don’t smell anything, give it another day or two.

While you’re down there sniffing, check the connection between the vine and the melon. Does the melon appear to be detaching from the vine, or is there a crack in the stem? If so, it’s ready for picking.

A close up of two hands each holding one half of a Cucumis melo, with orange flesh and characteristic "netting" on the outside of the rind.

According to the experts at the Virginia Cooperative Extension, for the best flavor, muskmelons should be harvested at a stage known as “full slip.”

This is when the stem separates easily from the fruit, without twisting or pulling. For a longer shelf life, they can be harvested at the “half slip” stage which is when there is a slight depression at the stem end, though the flavor may be compromised.

How to Harvest

It’s unbelievably easy to harvest a ripe cantaloupe.

If you live in a colder growing zone and have to work hard to keep the melon warm enough all summer like I do, this is the cantaloupe’s crowning gift – aside from its sweet flesh, of course.

A close up of Cucumis melo growing in containers in a greenhouse, with the fruits hanging from the vines, supported by string.

All you have to do is gently pull it off the vine, and it will practically leap into your arms.

That’s literally all there is to it.

A close up of two hands from the right of the frame grasping a small melon with "netted" rind, just prior to harvest, pictured on a soft focus background.

Take it to the kitchen, and if you are going to eat it straight away, scrub the rind with a soapy vegetable brush under running water, and cut it up. And if you don’t know how to do that, check out this cantaloupe-cutting guide from our sister site, Foodal.

And don’t feel ashamed for not knowing how to cut up a bulky melon!

Back when I was in college, I bought an onion for a dish I was cooking in my illicit dorm-room kitchen (a mini crock pot) which I used often to avoid greasy cafeteria food. I got a knife out, looked at the onion, and balked.

Even though I’d grown up helping my parents cook, I’d somehow never peeled and cut an onion.

Go ahead, laugh at me. But those of you who are hesitant about slicing into your beautiful garden-grown melons can rest assured that you’re not alone.

A close up of a hand from the left of the frame slicing a bright orange melon. The other half of the fruit is set on a plastic tray on a wooden surface.

If you’re not eating the cantaloupe right away, store it whole and unwashed in the refrigerator. It’ll keep there for a whole week.

Just remember to wash it before you cut it to avoid letting any bacteria on the rind transfer to the sweet flesh inside.

Cantaloupe that’s already been cut will stay fresh in an airtight container for up to three days. Or, freeze the cubes on a cookie sheet layered with wax paper.

A vertical picture of plastic tubs containing fresh cubed melon, stored in the refrigerator.

After several hours, transfer them to airtight plastic containers and store in the freezer for up to a month.

Recipes and Cooking Ideas

Most of us probably love eating cantaloupe all by itself, fresh off the rind. But it also makes a perfect substitute for mango in this recipe for strawberry mango smoothie, from our sister site, Foodal (does that not sound absolutely refreshing and amazing?).

A close up of two glasses set on a wooden surface with a freshly made strawberry mango smoothie.
Photo by Raquel Smith.

For something really different, you can even make cantaloupe bread by substituting freshly grated melon for zucchini in this zucchini bread recipe, also on Foodal.

I will most definitely be making cantaloupe bread when these little guys mature at the end of the summer:

A close up of a hand from the right of the frame holding a small green seedling tray up to a sunny window.
Photo by Laura Melchor.

Or what about a no-churn mango, lime, and cream cheese sherbet?

Switch out the mango pieces for your frozen chunks and prepare for a taste sensation. It’s perfect for cooling you down on a hot summer’s day. You can find the recipe over at Foodal.

A vertical picture of a small ceramic bowl with a fresh homemade mango, lime, and cream cheese sherbet, set on a cork board on a wooden surface.
Photo by Raquel Smith.

If you want to get adventurous with a sweet salsa but don’t care for mangoes (guilty!), chop the cantaloupe up into small pieces and toss it into your favorite salsa recipe.

With a pinch of creative thinking, there’s so much you can do with this tasty fruit.

A Happily Harvested Melon

Now that you know how easy it is to harvest your cantaloupes, sit back, relax, and watch them mature.

A vertical picture of Cucumis melo growing in the garden, with the fruits ripening on the vine, surrounded by foliage fading to soft focus in the background.

I recommend heading to the garden to check on them daily as they approach their maturation date, and now that you know the signs of harvest readiness, you’ll know exactly when to pluck them from the vine.

Have you ever grown, harvested, and enjoyed fresh cantaloupe from your garden? Let us know in the comments below!

And don’t forget to check out these guides to growing tasty fruits in your garden next:

Photos by Laura Melchor and Raquel Smith © Ask the Experts, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for more details. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock.

About Laura Melchor

Laura Melchor grew up helping her mom in the garden in Montana, and as an adult she’s brought her cold-weather gardening skills with her to her home in Alaska. She’s especially proud of the flowerbeds she and her three-year-old son built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead. As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts.

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Chris Van Dyne
Chris Van Dyne (@guest_7425)
10 days ago

Hi Laura! Amazing how cantaloupes respond to different hardiness zones. And great tip on reducing irrigation just before harvesting. I haven’t done that and have noticed that the skins split sometimes. That cantaloupe bread sounds amazing! Never thought of that.